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Table 1 Socio-demographic characteristics of study participants according to those with and without Diarrhea, Acute Respiratory Infection (ARI), and Malnutrition in Gondar Town, Ethiopia, (n = 866)

From: Effect of perinatal depression on risk of adverse infant health outcomes in mother-infant dyads in Gondar town: a causal analysis

Variable/category Diarrhea (n = 147) p-value ARI (n = 187) p-value Malnutrition (n = 125) p-value
Yes, n (%) No, n (%)   Yes, n, (%) No, n (%)   Yes, n (%) No, n (%)  
Women age at enrolment in years    0.571    0.057    0.947
 18–24 45 (30.6) 236(32.8)   51 (27.3) 230(33.9)   39 (31.2) 242(32.7)  
 25–34 89 (60.5) 436(60.6)   117 (62.6) 408(60.1)   77 (61.6) 448(60.5)  
  > =35 13 (8.8) 47(6.5)   19 (10.1) 41(6.0)   9 (7.2) 51(6.8)  
Infant age (Mean(±SD) in months 4.98 (1.04) 4.73(1.29) 0.024 4.82 (1.21) 4.76(1.27) 0.543 4.09 (1.41) 4.9(1.19) < 0.001
Household monthly income    0.942    0.793    0.022
 Low 70 (47.6) 352(49.0)   87 (46.5) 335(49.3)   71 (56.8) 351(47.4)  
 Medium 61 (41.5) 294(40.9)   80 (42.8) 275(40.5)   49 (39.2) 306(41.3)  
 High 16 (10.9) 73(10.1)   20 (10.7) 69(10.2)   5 (4.0) 84(11.3)  
Women education    0.201    0.091    0.028
 None 25 (17.0) 86(12.0)   33 (17.6) 78(11.5)   19 (15.2) 92(12.4)  
 Primary 32 (21.8) 191(26.6)   43 (23.0) 180(26.5)   42 (33.6) 181(24.4)  
 High school 50 (34.0) 272(37.8)   62 (33.2) 260(38.3)   45 (36.0) 277(37.4)  
 Tertiary 40 (27.2) 170(23.6)   49 (26.2) 161(23.7)   19 (15.2) 191(25.8)  
Women occupation    0.079    0.661    0.101
 Domestic duties 107 (72.8) 510(70.9)   133 (71.1) 484(71.3)   98 (78.4) 519(70.0)  
 Student 4 (2.7) 9(1.2)   1 (0.5) 12(1.8)   2 (1.6) 11(1.5)  
 Government employee 25 (17.0) 99(13.8)   28 (15.0) 96(14.1)   9 (7.2) 115(15.5)  
 Self-employee 11 (7.5) 101(14.1)   25 (13.4) 87(12.8)   16 (12.8) 96(13.0)  
Women religion    0.155    0.000    0.467
 Orthodox 125 (85.0) 575(80.0)   176 (94.1) 524(77.2)   104 (83.2) 596(80.4)  
 Muslim 22 (15.0) 144(20.0)   11 (5.9) 155(22.8)   21 (16.8) 145(19.6)  
Women marital status    0.196    0.568    0.124
 Single 3 (2.0) 31(4.3)   6 (3.2) 28(4.1)   8 (6.4) 26(3.5)  
 Partnered 144 (98.0) 688(95.7)   181 (96.8) 651(95.9)   117 (93.6) 715(96.5)  
Difficulty accessing food in the last three months 0.299    0.258    0.124
 Yes 8 (5.4) 26(3.6)   10 (5.3) 24(3.5)   8 (6.4) 26(3.5)  
 No 139 (94.6) 693(96.4)   177 (94.7) 655(96.5)   117 (93.6) 715(96.5)  
  1. Note: p-value was based on chi-square test statistics