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Table 2 Pregnancy delivery and neonatal outcomes

From: Impact of gestational diabetes mellitus diagnosed during the third trimester on pregnancy outcomes: a case-control study

  NGT GDM    P value
n = 189 n = 49 aaOR 95% CI
Diabetes-related composite complicationb 26 (13.8) 9 (18.4) 1.31 0.56–3.06 0.53
 Macrosomia 10 (5.3) 3 (6.1) 0.98 0.25–3.86 0.97
 Shoulder dystocia 6 (3.2) 3 (6.1) 1.6 0.37–6.85 0.53
 Hypoglycemia 2 (1.1) 2 (1.1) 3.71 0.49–27.84 0.2
 Hyperbilirubinemia 11 (5.8) 2 (4.1) 0.74 0.15–3.61 0.71
 RDS 0 0
Preeclampsia 11 (5.8) 0
Total caesarian delivery 30 (15.9) 14 (28.6) 2.41 1.07–5.43 0.03
Elective caesarian delivery 10 (5.3) 8 (16.3) 3.6 1.27–10.19 0.02
Emergency caesarian delivery 20 (10.6) 6 (12.2) 1.25 0.43–3.64 0.68
Instrumental delivery 17 (9.0) 3 (6.1) 0.69 0.18–2.59 0.58
Large for gestational age 59 (31.2) 11 (22.5) 0.54 0.25–1.17 0.12
Small for gestational age 11 (5.8) 3 (6.1) 1.01 0.26–3.90 0.99
Apgar score at 5 min < 7 0 0
UApH < 7.1 3 (1.6) 2 (4.1) 2.55 0.39–16.50 0.33
NICU admission 9 (4.8) 4 (8.2) 1.68 0.48–5.86 0.41
Neonatal admission 17 (9.0) 5 (10.2) 1.07 0.37–3.15 0.9
    aaRC   
Neonatal weight (g) 3222 (2911–3541) 3182 (2949–3496) −24 −97-49 0.52
Gestational age at delivery (weeks) 39.6 (38.7–40.6) 39.6 (38.7–40.4) 0.04 −0.16-0.24 0.69
  1. Data are expressed as median (IQR) or n (%)
  2. aaOR/ aRC Adjusted Odds ratio/ regression coefficient, adjusted for maternal age, non-pregnant BMI, childbirth experience, and sex of the infant
  3. bDiabetes-related composite complication was defined as any one of the following: macrosomia, shoulder dystocia, neonatal hypoglycaemia, neonatal hyperbilirubinemia, or RDS