Skip to main content

Table 3 Multivariable associations between sleep disturbances, physical and mental QoL and the severity of NVP. Total n = 1203

From: Sleep quality in women with nausea and vomiting of pregnancy: a cross-sectional study

    No NVP Mild NVP Moderate NVP Severe NVP
    PUQE 3 points PUQE 4–6 points PUQE 7–12 points PUQE ≥ 13 points
    n = 136 n = 361 n = 629 n = 77
  pa pb AOR AORa 95% CI AORb 95% CI AORa 95% CI AORb 95% CI AORa 95% CI AORb 95% CI
Difficulty falling asleep 0.367 0.466 1 0.26 0.03–1.92 0.33 0.08–1.39 0.46 0.06–3.54 0.49 0.12–2.00 0.43 0.04–4.21 0.48 0.09–2.59
Night awakenings 0.421 0.011 1 0.77 0.39–1.52 1.30 0.79–2.14 0.88 0.42–1.84 1.84 1.10–3.09 1.42 0.51–3.96 3.52 1.49–8.35
Too early morning awakenings 0.730 0.842 1 0.50 0.10–2.51 0.62 0.21–1.89 0.50 0.10–2.64 0.63 0.21–1.92 0.36 0.06–2.29 0.55 0.14–2.17
Sleepiness during the day 0.321 0.024 1 1.67 0.60–4.63 2.37 1.16–4.83 1.72 0.60–4.95 2.88 1.41–5.90 1.06 0.32–3.52 2.04 0.82–5.10
Physical QoL VAS < 0.0001 NA 1 1.21 1.16–1.26 NA NA 1.26 1.20–1.31 NA NA 1.33 1.27–1.40 NA NA
Mental QoL VAS NA < 0.0001 1 NA NA 1.13 1.10–1.17 NA NA 1.16 1.12–1.20 NA NA 1.19 1.15–1.23
  1. Odds ratios presented with 95% confidence interval
  2. AOR Adjusted odds ratio, BMI Body mass index, NA Not applicable, NVP Nausea and vomiting of pregnancy, PUQE Pregnancy-Unique Quantification of Emesis questionnaire, Sleep disturbances were assessed with Basic Nordic Sleep Questionnaire, QoL Quality of life, VAS Visual analog scale
  3. aModel 1: PUQE score, sleep disturbances, physical QoL, basic characteristics (age, parity, BMI, smoking, employment) (multinomial logistic regression analysis)
  4. bModel 2: PUQE score, sleep disturbances, mental QoL, basic characteristics (age, parity, BMI, smoking, employment) (multinomial logistic regression analysis)