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Table 2 Socio-demographic characteristics of participants in intervention and comparison groups

From: Effects of health education on spousal knowledge and participation in birth preparedness in Farafenni Regional Hospital, The Gambia: a randomized trial

Demographic variables Intervention
(n = 138)
Comparison
(n = 119)
Test statistics
Age in years [M (SD)] 35.9 (9.5) 38.2 (11.1) t = 1.718, p = 0.087
Age of last child in years [M (SD)] 2.0 (1.4) 2.1 (1.3) t = 1.081, p = 0.281
Gestational age of wife at booking in weeks [M (SD)] 24.2 (2.8) 24.4 (2.6) t = 1.683, p = 0.092
Number (percentage)
Place of residence χ2 = 0.154, p = 0.695
 Urban 72 (52.2) 65 (54.6)  
 Rural 66 (47.8) 54 (45.4)  
Tribe χ2 = 1.695, p = 0.792
 Mandinka 28 (20.3) 30 (25.2)  
 Wollof 65 (47.1) 53 (44.5)  
 Fulla 39 (28.3) 32 (26.9)  
 Jola 1 (0.7) 0 (0.0)  
 Others 5 (3.6) 4 (3.4)  
Type of work χ2 = 0.070, p = 0.995
 Not working 3 (2.2) 3 (2.5)  
 Farmer 41 (29.7) 34 (28.6)  
 Civil servant 29 (21.0) 25 (21.0)  
 Others 65 (47.1) 57 (47.9)  
Highest level of education χ2 = 17.937, p = 0.022*
 None 5 (3.6) 3 (2.5)  
 Basic 19 (13.8) 9 (7.5)  
 Senior secondary 25(18.2) 15 (12.6)  
 Tertiary 1 (0.7) 12 (10.1)  
 Informal Arabic (dara) 88 (63.8) 80 (67.2)  
Number of wives χ2 = 0.560, p = 0.905
 One 93 (67.5) 81 (68.1)  
 Two 38 (27.5) 31 (26.1)  
 Three or more 7 (5.0) 7 (5.8)  
Number of children χ2 = 3.321, p = 0.651
 None 26 (18.8) 21 (17.6)  
 One 16 (11.6) 21 (17.6)  
 Two 19 (13.8) 10 (8.4)  
 Three 27 (19.6 24 (20.2)  
 Four or more 50 (36.2) 43 (36.2)  
Place of delivery of the last child χ2 = 0.080, p = 0.961
 No child yet 26 (18.8) 21 (17.6)  
 Health facility 102 (74.0) 89 (74.8)  
 Home 10 (7.2) (7.6)  
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