Skip to main content

Table 2 Multivariate logistic regression of factors associated with experiences of pre-eclampsia, postpartum hemorrhage and postpartum pre-eclampsia, respectively, among women in Uttar Pradesh who gave birth in the past year (N = 3659)

From: Unintended pregnancy and maternal health complications: cross-sectional analysis of data from rural Uttar Pradesh, India

 Pre-eclampsia+Postpartum hemorrhage+Postpartum pre-eclampsia
Crude OR (95% CI)Adjusted OR (95% CI)Crude OR (95% CI)Adjusted OR (95% CI)Crude OR (95% CI)Adjusted OR (95% CI)
Unintended pregnancyIntended/planned pregnancyRefRefRefRefRefRef
Unintended pregnancy2.12(1.62–2.75) ***2.06 (1.57–2.72) ***1.49 (1.02–2.17) **1.46 (1.01–2.13) **2.29 (1.45–3.61) ***2.34 (1.47–3.72) ***
Receipt of at least four ANCReceived at least four ANCRefRefRefRefRefRef
Not received at least four ANC1.57 (1.11–2.24) ***1.45 (1.004–2.09) **1.81 (1.05–3.08) **1.77 (1.06–2.97) **0.94 (0.59–1.50)0.87 (0.53–1.43)
Receipt of home visit by ASHAReceived at least one home visit by ASHARefRefRefRefRefRef
Not received any home visit by ASHA1.56 (1.20–2.01) ***1.49 (1.15–1.93) **1.51 (1.08–2.09) **1.48 (1.06–2.06) **1.52 (1.02–2.29) **1.52 (1.02–2.25) **
Institutional deliveryFacilityRefRefRef
Home1.11 (0.86–1.42)1.07 (0.76–1.53)1.22 (0.84–1.76)
IPVExperienced IPV in lifetimeRefRefRefRefRefRef
Experienced no IPV in lifetime0.59 (0.45–0.77) ***0.60 (0.46–0.78) ***0.78 (0.53–1.15)0.79 (0.55–1.12)
Maternal ageContinuousRefRefRefRefRefRef
1.004 (0.98–1.03)0.99 (0.97–1.02)0.97 (0.94–1.01)0.97 (0.93–1.01)1.002 (0.96–1.04)0.99 (0.96–1.04)
Maternal age at marriageLess than 18 yearsRefRefRef
Equal to or more than 18 years1.17 (0.92–1.49)1.29 (0.91–1.82)0.92 (0.63–1.34)
Maternal education> = 10 years in schoolRefRefRefRefRefRef
6–9 years in school0.92 (0.69–1.21)0.85 (0.57–1.25)0.70 (0.45–1.07)0.65 (0.43–0.99) **0.96 (0.53–1.74)1.03 (0.58–1.82)
1–5 years in school0.97 (0.68–1.36)0.76 (0.50–1.15)0.67 (0.40–1.12)0.63 (0.38–1.05)0.90 (0.46–1.73)0.95 (0.50–1.81)
Never attended school1.12 (0.83–1.54)0.81 (0.57–1.15)0.72 (0.47–1.11)0.67 (0.43–1.05)0.85 (0.49–1.47)0.88 (0.52–1.51)
Husband’s education> = 10 years in schoolRefRefRef
6–9 years in school1.07 (0.73–1.57)1.09 (0.57–2.07)0.83 (0.35–1.96)
1–5 years in school1.04 (0.73–1.47)1.36 (0.88–2.08)1.16 (0.73–1.83)
Never attended school1.15 (0.83–1.59)1.67 (1.07–2.60)1.22 (0.72–2.07)
CasteGeneralRefRefRef
OBC0.87 (0.67–1.12)1.24 (0.84–1.83)1.02 (0.64–1.64)
SC/ST1.13 (0.84–1.52)1.25 (0.80–1.97)1.39 (0.89–2.18)
ReligionNon-muslimRefRefRefRefRefRef
Muslim1.12 (0.82–1.54)1.12 (0.82–1.53)1.09 (0.71–1.67)1.15 (0.75–1.75)1.14 (0.78–1.69)1.14 (0.76–1.71)
Wealth indexHighRefRefRefRefRefRef
Medium0.99 (0.76–1.29)0.99 (0.66–1.49)1.09 (0.56–2.11)1.22 (0.65–2.30)1.35 (0.50–3.59)1.40 (0.56–3.53)
Low1.06 (0.72–1.55)1.02 (0.68–1.52)1.03 (0.55–1.92)1.24 (0.69–2.22)0.91 (0.37–2.24)0.94 (0.40–2.21)
Birth parity1RefRefRef
20.83 (0.63–1.08)1.04 (0.70–1.53)0.92 (0.52–1.63)
3+0.94 (0.73–1.21)0.89 (0.65–1.22)0.87 (0.56–1.35)
Singleton BirthSingletonRefRefRefRefRefRef
Multiple births0.52 (0.09–1.75)2.19 (0.54–8.83)1.81 (0.48–6.81)3.75 (1.09–12.89)
Time since birthLess than or equal to 2 monthsRefRefRef
More than 2 months and less than 7 months0.96 (0.75–1.22)1.09 (0.67–1.75)1.08 (0.67–1.73)
More than 6 months0.81 (0.64–1.01)0.93 (0.62–1.38)0.81 (0.54–1.21)
  1. **Statistically significant at p < 0.05
  2. ***Statistically significant at p < 0.01
  3. Results presented in Table 2 are weighted to account for sampling design