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Table 3 Insufficient, sufficient, and extended LOS among women after vaginal births by type of facility according to their background characteristics, India, 2015–16

From: Length of stay after childbirth in India: a comparative study of public and private health institutions

Background characteristicsPublicPrivate
InsufficientSufficientExtendedInsufficientSufficientExtended
AgeP < 0.000P < 0.000
 15–24 Years21.421.257.419.725.854.6
 25–29 Years23.122.254.717.923.758.4
 30–39 Years26.324.349.520.323.656.1
 > 40 Years35.028.036.924.626.848.6
EducationP < 0.000P < 0.000
 Illiterate32.125.442.632.731.535.8
 Primary22.823.553.723.528.548.0
 Secondary18.920.660.517.223.958.9
 Higher20.420.159.613.419.367.4
Place of ResidenceP < 0.000P < 0.000
 Urban13.618.068.414.222.063.8
 Rural26.423.749.923.126.250.7
ReligionP < 0.000P < 0.000
 Hindu23.522.154.419.324.955.8
 Muslim26.023.250.821.822.555.8
 Others13.425.161.510.822.766.5
CasteP < 0.000P < 0.000
 Schedule Castes22.522.554.922.325.352.4
 Schedule Tribes16.421.462.215.027.757.3
 Other backward class28.021.950.121.324.354.4
 Others18.923.857.315.323.661.1
Wealth quintileP < 0.000P < 0.000
 Poorest33.426.140.534.328.137.6
 Poorer24.323.452.328.429.642.0
 Middle19.620.560.021.025.153.9
 Richer16.118.765.315.624.160.4
 Richest15.620.763.813.921.464.7
ParityP < 0.000P < 0.000
 1st Parity19.020.460.615.922.861.3
 2nd Parity20.721.857.517.324.358.5
 3rd Parity26.523.949.624.826.448.9
 More Parity35.326.138.731.828.240.0
Any complication during deliveryP < 0.000P < 0.000
 No26.024.050.021.725.852.5
 Yes21.321.157.617.023.259.8
Number of ANCP < 0.000P < 0.000
 No visits36.625.338.127.625.746.7
 1–3 visits30.424.645.028.527.344.2
 4 & more visits14.019.866.214.023.063.1
Received JSY AssistanceP < 0.000P < 0.000
 No18.120.761.319.324.556.2
 Yes27.623.848.717.322.160.6
%23.422.454.219.224.456.4
N21,48423,14648,3395588670113,189
  1. Insufficient: < 24 h; Sufficient: 24-47 h; Extended: > 48 h; chi-square test (p < 0.000)