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Table 4 Association between reporting of care with socio-demographic and obstetric characteristics, EN-BIRTH study (n = 4296)

From: Respectful maternal and newborn care: measurement in one EN-BIRTH study hospital in Nepal

  Respectful care Meeting standards of newborn care
Health service met religious and cultural birthing practice needs Woman was satisfied with privacy during her stay at the hospital Baby kept in skin-to-skin contact with mother immediately after birth
cOR, 95% CI aOR, 95% CI cOR, 95% CI aOR, 95% CI cOR, 95% CI aOR, 95% CI
Woman’s Age
 < 20 yrs 1.99 (1.44, 2.76) 1.18 (0.80, 1.73) 1.53 (1.16, 2.00) 0.95 (0.68, 1.31) 1.24 (0.98, 1.58) 0.73 (0.54, 0.98)
 20–29 yrs Reference Reference Reference Reference Reference Reference
 ≥ 30 yrs 1.27 (0.97, 1.67) 1.32 (0.99, 1.77) 1.62 (1.23, 2.12) 1.55 (1.16, 2.06) 1.50 (1.17, 1.93) 1.48 (1.14, 1.93)
Ethnicity (caste)
 Advantaged Reference Reference Reference Reference Reference Reference
 Disadvantaged 1.31 (1.10, 1.57) 1.25 (1.04, 1.50) 1.34 (1.13, 1.58) 1.27 (1.07, 1.50) 1.22 (1.05, 1.43) 1.17 (1.00, 1.37)
Mode of birth
 Vaginal birth (spontaneous, vacuum, forceps) Reference   Reference   Reference  
 Caesarean birth 11.43 (5.88, 22.2) 11.27 (5.79, 21.93) 9.82 (5.63, 17.1) 9.44 (5.41, 16.48) 0.02 (0.01, 0.06) 0.02 (0.01, 0.06)
Parity
 No previous birth 2.46 (1.70, 3.57) 2.20 (1.45, 3.43) 2.50 (1.82, 3.45) 2.51 (1.74, 3.61) 2.24 (1.68, 2.99) 2.64 (1.89, 3.69)
 1 previous birth Reference Reference Reference Reference Reference Reference
 2 or more previous births 0.75 (0.63, 0.91) 0.70 (0.57, 0.85) 1.01 (0.85, 1.20) 0.90 (0.74, 1.08) 0.933 (0.79, 1.10) 0.80 (0.67, 0.96)
Sex of baby
 Male 0.87 (0.73, 1.04) 0.85 (0.71, 1.02) 0.89 (0.76, 1.05) 0.90 (0.76, 1.06) 0.88 (0.75, 1.02) 0.88 (0.75, 1.03)
 Female Reference   Reference   Reference  
  1. Ethnic groups with socio-economic advantages include Chettri/Brahmin and other; disadvantaged ethnic groups include Dalit, Janjati, Madeshi, Muslim
  2. cOR= crude odds ratios, aOR= adjusted odds ratios