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Table 1 Comparison of socio-demographic characteristics of the participants between the three groups

From: Comparing the effect of group- based training along with text messaging and compact disc- based training on men’s knowledge and attitude about participation in perinatal care: a cluster randomized control trial

Variable Group- based training along with text messaging
n = 23
number (percentage)
CD- based training
n = 22
number (percentage)
Control group
n = 21
number (percentage)
P-value*
Age (years)
 ›21 0 (0) 1 (4.5) 1 (4.8)  
 26–30 5 (21.7) 7 (31.9) 4 (19)  
 31–35 12 (52.1) 8 (36.4) 11 (52.4) 0.837
 36–40 3 (13.1) 4 (18.1) 4 (19)  
 41–45 3 (13.1) 2 (9.1) 1 (4.8)  
Spouse age (years)
 ›21 1 (4.3) 2 (9.1) 1 (4.8)  
 21–25 6 (26.1) 3 (13.6) 2 (9.6)  
 26–30 10 (43.4) 10 (45.5) 6 (28.6) 0.48
 31–35 3 (13.1) 4 (18.2) 10 (47.6)  
 36–40 3 (13.1) 3 (13.6) 2 (9.6)  
Number of children
 0 17 (73.9) 15 (68.2) 14 (66.7)  
 1 5 (21.7) 5 (22.7) 5 (23.8) 0.077
 2 1 (4.3) 2 (9.3) 2 (9.5)  
Education level
 Elementary 2 (8.7) 2 (9.1) 1 (4.8)  
 Intermediate 1 (4.3) 2 (9.1) 2 (9.5)  
 Highschool 4 (17.4) 4 (18.2) 4 (19) 0.807
 Diploma 7 (30.4) 6 (27.3) 8 (38.1)  
 Academic 9 (39.1) 8 (36.4) 6 (28.6)  
Job
 Employee 3 (13) 6 (27.3) 6 (28.6)  
 Worker 7 (30.4) 6 (27.3) 4 (19) 0.556
 Freelancer 7 (30.4) 8 (36.4) 9 (42.9)  
 Other 6 (26.1) 2 (9.1) 2 (9.5)  
Spouse education level
 Elementary 1 (4.3) 1 (4.5) 0(0)  
 Intermediate 2 (8.7) 2 (9.1) 1 (4.8) 0.781
 Highschool 2 (8.7) 0 (0) 2 (9.5)  
 Diploma 5 (21.7) 6 (27.3) 8 (38.1)  
 Academic 13 (56.5) 13 (59.1) 10 (47.6)  
Spouse job
 Housewife 17 (73.9) 15 (68.2) 14 (66.7) 0.961
 Employee 4 (17.4) 4 (18.2) 5 (23.8)  
 Other 2 (8.7) 3 (13.6) 2 (9.5)  
Family type
 Living with spouse and children 20 (87) 21 (95.5) 18 (85.7)  
 Living with spouse, children and other people 3 (13) 1 (4.5) 3 (14.3) 0.611
Fetal sex
 Girl 15 (65.2) 1 (59.1) 11 (52.4) 0.705
 Boy 8 (34.8) 9 (40.9) 10 (47.6)  
Couples tendency to pregnancy
 Male 0 1 (4.6) 4 (19)  
 Female 4 (17.4) 3 (13.6) 4 (19) 0.166
 Both 17 (73.9) 18 (81.8) 13 (62)  
 Non 2 (8.7) 0 0  
  1. * P < 0.05 was considered significant