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Table 6  Top Characteristics Contributing to Meeting Aerobic Activity and Muscle Strengthening Activity Recommendations in Pregnancy ​

From: Diabetes risk status and physical activity in pregnancy: U.S. BRFSS 2011, 2013, 2015, 2017

PA Recommendation​ Characteristic ​ STB ​ P value ​
AA a
 1 ​ African American ​ -1.28 ​ < 0.0001 ​
 2 ​ Hispanic ​ -1.16 ​ 0.0015 ​
 3 ​ Asian ​ -1.08 ​ 0.0043 ​
MSA​ b​
 .1 ​ Consumed Alcohol in Past 30 Days ​ 2.00 ​ < 0.0001 ​
 2 ​ Completed > HS ​ 1.90 ​ 0.0002 ​
 3 ​ 1–3 Children at Home ​ -1.62 ​ < 0.0001 ​
Both ​ c
 1 ​ 1–3 Children at Home ​ -1.97 ​ < 0.0001 ​
 2 ​ Consumed Alcohol in Past 30 Days ​ 1.75 ​ < 0.0001 ​
 3 ​ African American ​ -1.58 ​ 0.016 ​
Neither d
 1 ​ Consumed Alcohol in Past 30 Days ​ -1.40 ​ < 0.0001 ​
 2 ​ Hispanic ​ 1.37 ​ 0.0001 ​
 3 ​ African American ​ 1.26 ​ < 0.0001 ​
  1. HS High School​; PA physical activity; AA aerobic activity; MSA muscle strengthening activity; a2008 Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) recommendation of 150 minutes of moderate intensity AA/wk.b2008 DHHS recommendation of 2 days/wk of MSA. c both “a” and “b”; d neither “a” nor “b”; STB: Standardized beta coefficient; All variables included in the model were diabetes risk status, age, race, education level, number of children in household, alcohol consumption, and smoking status