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Table 2 Individual-level validation in exit surveys and registers for stimulation at birth indicator, EN-BIRTH study (n = 22,752)

From: Neonatal resuscitation: EN-BIRTH multi-country validation study

  Bangladesh Bangladesh Nepal Tanzania Tanzania All sites
Azimpur Tertiary Kushtia District Pokhara Regional Temeke Regional Muhimbili National Pooled (random effects)
Stimulation - Survey reported - live births + fresh stillbirths
 Observer coverage % 5.2 (4.4,6.1) 10.2 (9.0,11.5) 20.6 (19.6,21.5) 15.8 (15.0,16.7) 21 (19.7,22.4) 13.9 (8.7,20.1)
 Survey reported coverage % 0.7 (0.4,1.1) 2.2 (1.7,2.9) 0.7 (0.5,0.9) 0.6 (0.5,0.9) 1.4 (1.0,1.9) 1.0 (0.6,1.6)
 “Don’t know” responses % 3.3 (2.7,4.1) 0.8 (0.5,1.3) 1.4 (1.1,1.7) 0.3 (0.1,0.4) 4 (3.3,4.9) 1.7 (0.6,3.3)
 Sensitivity % (95% CI) 7.2 (3.5,12.9) 13.2 (9.1,18.5) 2.5 (1.7,3.6) 3.6 (2.4,5.2) 3.1 (1.7,5.1) 4.8 (2.5,7.8)
 Specificity % (95% CI) 99.7 (99.3,99.8) 99 (98.4,99.4) 99.8 (99.7,99.9) 99.8 (99.6,99.9) 99 (98.5,99.4) 99.5 (99.2,99.8)
 Percent agreement (TN + TP/n) % 95.0 90.6 80.2 86.8 81.6 86.9 (80.9,92.0)
Stimulation - Register recorded - live births and fresh stillbirths
 Observer coverage % 5.2 (4.4,6.1) 10.2 (9.0,11.5) 15.8 (15.0,16.7) 21.0 (19.7,22.4) 12.4 (6.7,19.6)
 Register recorded coverage % 0.8 (0.5,1.3) 7.7 (6.6,9.0) 17.4 (16.5,18.3) 34.8 (33.3,36.4) 12.3 (2.3,28.7)
 Not recorded % 98.7 (98.1,99.1) 91.8 (90.5,93.0) 20.0 (19.0,21.0) 30.8 (29.2,32.3) 65.9 (20.7,97.8)
 Not readable % 0.5 (0.3,0.9) 0.4 (0.2,0.9) 0.3 (0.2,0.5) 0.3 (0.1,0.5) 0.4 (0.3,0.5)
 Sensitivity % (95% CI) 7.5 (3.3,14.2) 15.2 (10.5,21.0) 39.5 (36.5,42.6) 40.8 (37.2,44.5) 24.8 (13.3,38.5)
 Specificity % (95% CI) 99.5 (99.1,99.8) 93.1 (91.8,94.2) 86.8 (85.9,87.7) 66.8 (65,68.5) 89.4 (73.8,98.5)
 Percent agreement (TN + TP/n) % 95.1 85.6 79.3 61.3 81.9 (67.4,92.9)
  1. Full denominator details presented in Additional file 14