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Table 1 Patient characteristics before and after introduction of a peer counselor

From: “Real-world” effect of a peer counselor on breastfeeding outcomes in an urban prenatal clinic in the United States

Characteristic No PC ( n  = 119) PC ( n  = 99) p -value
Age, years 29.0 (± 5.1) 28.7 (± 5.2) 0.59
Pregravid BMI, kg/m2 30.4 (± 7.5) 29.5 (± 8.5) 0.32
Race/ethnicity
 Non-Hispanic White 16 (13.5) 12 (12.1) 0.28
 Non-Hispanic Black 56 (47.1) 52 (52.5)
 White Hispanic 37 (31.1) 29 (29.3)
 Black Hispanic 5 (4.2) 0 (0.0)
 Asian 4 (3.4) 6 (6.1)
 Other 1 (0.8) 0 (0.0)
Married 32 (27.1) 35 (35.7) 0.17
Multiparous 79 (66.4) 74 (74.8) 0.18
Some college education or greater 80 (67.8) 70 (72.9) 0.42
Employed for wages 50 (42.7) 34 (34.3) 0.21
Maternity Leave 37 (74.0) 25 (73.5) 0.96
Intended pregnancy 40 (33.6) 41 (41.4) 0.24
Antenatal depressiona 19 (16.8) 14 (15.4) 0.78
Postpartum depressionb 4 (4.0) 9 (11.7) 0.05
Spontaneous vaginal delivery 78 (65.6) 64 (64.7) 0.89
Infant NICU admission 22 (18.6) 25 (25.3) 0.24
  1. Data displayed as n (%) or mean (± SD). BMI body mass index; NICU neonatal intensive care unit
  2. aDefined by PHQ-9 > 9 prior to delivery
  3. bDefined by PHQ-9 > 9 at 6-week postpartum appointment
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