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Table 2 Maternal characteristics for the pre-and-post intervention groups, before and after the GDM model of care

From: An implementation science approach for developing and implementing a dietitian-led model of care for gestational diabetes: a pre-post study

Maternal Characteristics Pre-Intervention Post-Intervention P-Value
Total participants 125 119  
Age (SD), years 32.2 (5.7) 32.7 (5.9) 0.81
Gestational age at diagnosis (SD), weeks 26.9 (3.6) 25.6 (5.6) < 0.01
Early diagnosis (under 24 weeks), n (%) 9 (7.3%) 25 (21.0%) < 0.01
Diagnosis based on fasting result, n (%) 53 (43%) 39 (33%) 0.09
Diagnosis based on 2 or more results, n (%) 38 (31%) 27 (24%) 0.20
Parity (SD) 1.1 (1.2) 0.8 (1.1) 0.78
Nulliparous, n (%) 50 (40%) 56 (47%) 0.29
PP BMI (SD), kg/m2 27.1 (6.4) 27.9 (7.7) 0.19
PP BMI underweight, n (%) 6 (5.0%) 3 (2.9%)  
PP BMI normal weight, n (%) 47 (39%) 40 (38%)  
PP Overweight, n (%) 29 (24%) 29 (28%)  
PP Obese (BMI 30 kg/m2), n (%) 39 (32%) 32 (31%) 0.81
Indigenous Status, n (%) 2 (1.6%) 5 (4.2%) 0.23
Previous GDM, n (%) 19 (16%) 24 (20%) 0.37
Family History Diabetes, n (%) 58 (49%) 48 (40%) 0.17
Smoking, n (%) 9 (8.9%) 15 (13%) 0.37
Pre-pregnancy hypertension, n (%) 9 (7.5%) 4 (3.3%) 0.16
Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome, n (%) 8 (6.7%) 9 (7.5%) 0.77
  1. SD Standard deviation; PP BMI Pre-pregnancy Body Mass Index; GWG Gestational weight gain; GDM Gestational diabetes mellitus