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Table 4 Estimates for the best fitting multilevel models

From: Effectiveness of a psycho-educational intervention for expecting parents to prevent postpartum parenting stress, depression and anxiety: a randomized controlled trial

  Estimate SE p
Primary outcome: parenting stress (T3)
 Intercept 14.22 3.18 < 0.001
 Gender (1 = mother, 2 = father) −.41 .96 .67
 Prenatal parenting stressa .57 .07 < 0.001
 Deviance: 1165.48    
Secondary outcomes
Depressive symptoms (T3)    
 Intercept 4.58 .83 < 0.001
 Partner (1 = mother, 2 = father) −1.69 .46 < 0.001
 Prenatal depressive symptomsa .63 .09 < 0.001
 Deviance: 926.42    
Anxiety symptoms (T3)
 Intercept 3.26 .65 < 0.001
 Partner (1 = mother, 2 = father) −.81 .36 .03
 Prenatal anxiety symptomsa .66 .08 < 0.001
 Deviance: 799.03    
Satisfaction with the parenting role (T3)
 Intercept 19.96 3.08 < 0.001
 Partner (1 = mother, 2 = father) .30 .48 .53
 Prenatal levels of satisfactiona .48 .08 < 0.001
 Deviance: 911.98    
Self-efficacy (T3)
 Intercept 1.38 .36 < 0.001
 Partner (1 = mother, 2 = father) .04 .09 .68
 Prenatal levels of self-efficacya .61 .09 < 0.001
 Deviance: 305.34    
Perception of sleep (T3)b
 Intercept −.40 .18 .03
 Partner (1 = mother, 2 = father) .29 .13 .02
 Deviance: 458.38    
Bonding (T4)b    
 Intercept 67.92 1.94 < 0.001
 Partner (1 = mother, 2 = father) −.12 .96 .90
 Deviance: 1141.44    
  1. aprenatal state levels are averaged across T0 and T1 because of high intercorrelations (ranging between .38 and .77)
  2. bno prenatal levels available