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Table 1 Social demographic/behavioral characteristics and leukocyte telomere length (N = 297)

From: Association between micronutrients and maternal leukocyte telomere length in early pregnancy in Rwanda

  Descriptive Simple linear regression
Total N (%) or mean +/-SD Leukoctye telomere length mean+/-SD(T/S) β CI p
Age in years 28.16 ± 6.10 1.16 ± 0.22 -2.96 [.010; -0.02] 0.003**
Age
 <20 13 (4.3) 1.18 ± 0.21 Ref.   
 ≥ 20-35 244 (82.2) 1.17 ± 0.22 -0.11 [-021; 0.06] 0.31
 >35 40 (13.5) 1.11 ± 0.22 -0.14 [-013; 0.11] 0.90
Gestational age (weeks) at recruitment 13.04 ± 3.5   0.012 [0.01; 0.2] 0.74
Residence
 Urban 104 (35.0) 1.17 ± 0.21 Ref.   
 Rural 193 (65.0) 1.14 ± 0.25 0.5 [-03; 0.08] 0.32
Occupation
 Paying Job 150 (50.5) 1.19 ± 0.23 refer   
 Unemployed 147 (49.5) 1.17 ± 0.22 0.8 [-0.01; 0.05] 0.14
Living with a partner (na = 296)
 Yes 273 (92.2) 1.17 ± 023 Ref.   
 No 23 (7.8) 1.11 ± 0.16 -0.06 [-0.15; 0.04] 0.26
Educational level
 Never schooled 146 (49.2) 1.15 ± 0.23 Ref.   
 Primary 61 (20.5) 1.06 ± 0.18 -0.16 [-0.16; -0.3] .005**
 Secondary or higher 90 (30.3) 1.24 ± 0.21 0.17 [0.03; 0.14] .003*
Body Mass Index (BMI) (kg/m2) 23.09 (3.39) 1.16 ± 0.22 -2.11 [-0.02; 0.01] 0.03*
BMI (category) (na = 293)
 Underweight 11 (3.8) 1.12 ± 0.26 Ref.   
 Normal Weight 215 (73.4) 1.18 ± 0.22 0.10 [-0.06;0.17] 0.39
 Overweight 55 (18.7) 1.11 ± 0.23 -0.04 [-0.15; 0.11] 0.73
 Obese 12 (4.1) 1.16 ± 0.25 0.31 [-014; 0.19] 0.75
Alcohol use (at least 2-4 times per month)
 No 228 (76.8) 1.17 ± 0.25 Ref.   
 Yes 69 (23.2) 1.16 ± 0.21 0.01 [-0.05; 0.06] 0.83
Gender-based Violence
 Yes 12 (4.0) 1.17 ± 0.22 Ref.   
 No 285 (96.0) 1.05 ± 016 0.10 [-0.24; 0.01] 0.08
  1. **p < 0.01, *p < 0.05
  2. na Sample size reduced by missing responses among covariates