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Table 2 Concomitant anomalies in complicated PRUV cases

From: Ultrasonic detection of fetal persistent right umbilical vein and incidence and significance of concomitant anomalies

Body System Type of malformation Number of cases
Cardiovascular   41
Ventricular septal defect 10
Persistent left superior vena cava 9
Single ventricle 7
Complete atrioventricular canal defect 6
Common arterial trunk 6
Transposition of the great arteries 6
Right-sided aortic arch 4
Tetralogy of Fallot 4
Pulmonary artery stenosis 3
Aberrant left subclavian artery 2
Dextroversion of heart 2
Double outlet right ventricle 1
Right heart enlargement, tricuspid valve regurgitation 1
Dextrocardia 1
Interrupted aortic arch 1
Hypoplastic left heart 1
Atrial septal defect 1
Pulmonary artery valve stenosis 1
Total anomalous pulmonary venous return 1
Nervous system   20
Spina bifida 5
Choroid plexus cyst 5
Hydrocephalus 3
Cerebellar vermis agenesis, incomplete development 2
Vein of Galen malformation 2
Posterior fossa effusion 1
Lateral ventricular dilatation 1
Bilateral ependymal cyst 1
Bilateral lateral intraventricular hemorrhage 1
Agenesis of the corpus callosum 1
Anencephaly 1
Urinary system   17
Unilateral or bilateral hydronephrosis 5
Unilateral duplex kidney or double pelvis 3
Unilateral or bilateral renal agenesis 3
Unilateral multicystic dysplastic kidney 3
Right renal hypoplasia 1
Ectopic kidney in right pelvic cavity 1
Right renal cyst 1
Ureterocele 1
Bilateral renal echo enhancement 1
Skeletal system   17
Shortened limbs 8
Unilateral or bilateral club hand 5
Bilateral clubfoot 2
Unilateral shortened ulna and radius 2
Agenesis of right upper arm and forearm (right hand directly connected to shoulder joint) 1
Hemivertebrae 1
Butterfly vertebrae 1
Digestive system   5
Stenosis or atresia of small bowel 2
Esophageal atresia 2
Intestinal duplication 1
Respiratory system   4
Pulmonary cystic adenomatoid malformation 1
Pulmonary sequestration 1
Left lung agenesis 1
Left lung dysplasia 1
Other anomalies   29
Diaphragmatic hernia 5
Cleft lip and palate 3
Choledochal cyst 3
Ovarian cyst 3
Intestinal echo enhancement 3
Fetal intraabdominal umbilical vein varix 2
IUGR 2
Umbilical cord cyst 2
Intrauterine fetal death 1
Mandibular hypoplasia 1
Cystic teratoma in abdominal cavity 1
Orbital hypertelorism 1
Short umbilical cord 1
Acromphalus 1
Hepatic cyst 1
Multiple echo enhancement foci in gallbladder 1
Intrahepatic bile duct dilatation 1
  1. Some cases had multiple concomitant malformations