Skip to main content

Table 1 Baseline characteristics of women recruited to the Closure randomised trial

From: Skin and subcutaneous fascia closure at caesarean section to reduce wound complications: the closure randomised trial

Characteristic Group 1
Non-absorbable suture and non-closure fascia
N = 215
Group 2
Absorbable suture and non-closure fascia
N = 211
Group 3
Non-absorbable suture and closure fascia
N = 212
Group 4
Absorbable suture and closure fascia
N = 211
Total
N = 849
Maternal age (years; mean (SD)) 31.26 (5.73) 31.56 (5.32) 31.16 (5.81) 31.93 (5.62) 31.48 (5.62)
BMI (kg/m2) Median (IQR) 28.29 (7.37) 28.84 (7.60) 28.75 (7.33) 28.54 (7.18) 28.60 (7.36)
BMI category (kg/m2) N (%)
 - BMI ≤ 25.0 86 (40.00) 79 (37.44) 81 (38.21) 78 (36.97) 324 (38.16)
 - BMI >25.0 129 (60.00) 132 (62.56) 131 (61.79) 133 (63.03) 525 (61.84)
Caesarean section type N (%)
 - elective 177 (82.33) 175 (82.94) 175 (82.55) 174 (82.46) 701 (82.57)
 - emergency 38 (17.67) 36 (17.06) 37 (17.45) 37 (17.54) 148 (17.43)
Gestational age at delivery Mean (SD) 38.34 (2.02) 38.48 (2.12) 38.50 (1.85) 38.70 (1.31) 38.50 (1.85)
Ethnicity N(%)
 - Caucasian 155 (72.09) 162 (76.78) 157 (74.06) 167 (79.15) 641 (75.50)
 - Other 60 (27.91) 49 (23.22) 55 (25.94) 44 (20.85) 208 (24.50)
Parity N (%)
 - 0 48 (22.33) 49 (23.22) 53 (25.00) 43 (20.38) 193 (22.73)
 - 1 or more 167 (77.67) 162 (76.78) 159 (75.00) 168 (79.62) 656 (77.27)
Smoker N (%) 40 (18.60) 41 (19.43) 42 (19.81) 34 (16.11) 157 (18.49)
Singleton pregnancy N(%): 207 (96.28) 202 (95.73) 206 (97.17) 202 (95.73) 817 (96.23)
Previous Caesarean section N(%) 146 (67.91) 136 (64.45) 136 (64.15) 144 (68.25) 562 (66.20)
Previous non-caesarean laparotomy N(%) 6 (2.79) 5 (2.37) 6 (2.83) 6 (2.84) 23 (2.71)