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Table 3 Neonatal outcomes in 404 women with twin pregnancies by gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) status in Al Ain, UAE

From: Burden, associated risk factors and adverse outcomes of gestational diabetes mellitus in twin pregnancies in Al Ain, UAE

  GDM (n = 109, 27.0%) Non- GDM (n = 295, 73.0%) p-value
Small for gestational age    0.824
Yes 59 (54.1%) 156 (52.9%)  
No 50 (45.9%) 139 (47.1%)  
Large for gestational age    0.256
Yes 8 (7.3%) 33 (11.2%)  
No 101 (92.7%) 262 (88.8%)  
Macrosomia    0.471
Yes 4 (3.7%) 16 (5.4%)  
No 105 (96.3%) 279 (94.6%)  
APGAR 1 min < 7    0.368
Neither baby 78 (82.1%) 209 (86.0%)  
One or both twins 17 (17.9%) 34 (14.0%)  
APGAR 5 min < 7    0.767
Neither baby 98 (97.0%) 268 (96.4%)  
One or both twins 3 (3.0%) 10 (3.6%)  
Major malformations    0.82
Neither baby 99 (90.8%) 270 (91.5%)  
At least one baby 10 (9.2%) 25 (8.5%)  
Death    0.633
Neither baby 101 (93.5%) 271 (94.8%)  
At least one baby 7 (6.5%) 15 (5.2%)  
RDS    0.686
Neither baby 60 (55.1%) 169 (57.3%)  
At least one baby 49 (44.9%) 126 (42.7%)  
Hemorrhage    0.140
Neither baby 108 (99.1%) 284 (96.3%)  
At least one baby 1 (0.9%) 11 (3.7%)  
Sepsis    0.612
Neither baby 97 (89.0%) 257 (87.1%)  
At least one baby 12 (11.0%) 38 (12.9%)  
Retinopathy    0.227
Neither baby 105 (99.1%) 282 (96.9%)  
At least one baby 1 (0.9%) 9 (3.1%)  
Jaundice    0.777
Neither baby 50 (45.9%) 140 (47.5%)  
At least one baby 59 (54.1%) 155 (52.5%)  
NICU    0.343
Neither baby 50 (45.9%) 151 (51.2%)  
At least one baby 59 (54.1%) 144 (48.8%)  
Hypoglycemia    0.380
Neither baby 102 (93.6%) 268 (90.9%)  
At least one baby 7 (6.4%) 27 (9.2%)  
  1. RDS respiratory distress syndrome, NICU admission to neonatal intensive care unit