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Table 2 Observed hand hygiene opportunities and hand hygiene actions related to newborn care in post-natal care wards

From: Hygiene along the continuum of care in the early post-natal period: an observational study in Nigeria

  Hand hygiene opportunities
n
Hand hygiene actions
n (%)
Adequatea Inadequateb No Action
All observations
 Mothers 45 2 (4) 8 (18) 35 (78)
 Fathers 37 0 (0) 0 (0) 37 (100)
 Healthcare workers 27 0 (0) 6 (22) 21 (78)
 Cleaners 5 0 (0) 0 (0) 5 (100)
 Visitors 98 0 (0) 0 (0) 98 (100)
Total 212 2 (1) 14 (7) 196 (92)
Cord contactc
 Mothers 7 1 (14) 0 (0) 6 (86)
 Fathers 0 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0)
 Healthcare workers 7 0 (0) 4 (57) 3 (43)
 Cleaners 1 0 (0) 0 (0) 1 (100)
 Visitors 2 0 (0) 0 (0) 2 (100)
Total 17 1 (6) 4 (24) 12 (70)
Other newborn cared
 Mothers 38 1 (3) 8 (21) 29 (76)
 Fathers 37 0 (0) 0 (0) 37 (100)
 Healthcare workers 20 0 (0) 2 (10) 18 (90)
 Cleaners 4 0 (0) 0 (0) 4 (100)
 Visitors 96 0 (0) 0 (0) 96 (100)
Total 195 1 (1) 10 (5) 184 (94)
  1. aAdequate hand hygiene action includes washing hands with soap and washing hands with soap and wearing clean gloves for aseptic procedures
  2. bInadequate hand hygiene action includes rinsing hands without using soap or wearing gloves for aseptic procedures without handwashing with soap prior to donning gloves
  3. cCord contact includes direct cord contact via cord cleaning or cord inspection
  4. dOther newborn care includes newborn handling outside cord care (changing newborn’s diapers, cleaning newborns bottom following defecation, picking up and putting newborn down, rubbing newborn’s body with body oils and powders, cleaning newborn’s eyes, changing newborn’s clothes, drying newborn with cloth, wiping newborn’s face)