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Table 1 Sociodemographic characteristics and participants’ working conditions (N = 439)

From: Self-reported disrespect and abuse by nurses and midwives during childbirth in Tanzania: a cross-sectional study

Variable Response Measure
Age in years, Mean (SD)   34.3 (±8.4)
Sex, n (%) Male 54 (12.3)
Female 385 (87.7)
Living with family members, n (%) Yes 375 (85.4)
No 64 (14.6)
Having to care for other persons in household, n (%) Yes 363 (82.7)
No 76 (17.3)
Having a house keeper at home, n (%) Yes 287 (65.4)
No 152 (34.6)
Level of educational attainment, n (%) College graduates or lower 390 (88.8)
University graduates or higher 49 (11.2)
Job status level Head / In-charge nurse 129 (29.4)
Staff nurse / assistant 310 (70.6)
Length of nursing experience in years, Mean (SD)   8.7 (±8.0)
Commute time to work (minutes), Mean (SD)   77.8 (±51.2)
Working hours per week (hours), Mean (SD)   49.4 (±22.4)
Working in night shift, n (%) Yes 299 (68.1)
No 140 (31.9)
Working overtime, n (%) Yes 192 (43.7)
No 247 (56.3)
Number of births conducted in the last month, Mean (SD)   25.0 (±27.9)
Number of days off per month (days), n (%) less than 8 days 134 (30.5)
8 days or more 305 (69.5)
Taking a break during evening shift Morning shift
(6 h: 7・8 am - 1・2 pm), Mean (SD)
(Range: 1=never - 5=always)
1.7 (0.7)
Evening shift
(6 h: 1・2 pm - 7・8 pm), Mean (SD)
(Range: 1=never - 5=always)
1.8 (0.7)
Night shift
(12 h: 7・8 pm - 7・8 am), Mean (SD)
(Range: 1=never - 5=always)
1.1 (1.0)
Monthly salary (USD), Mean (SD)   238 (±110.6)
IWSa total score (Range: 44 - 308)   179.8 (26.2)
  1. aIWS Index of Working Satisfaction