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Table 2 Comparison of item content within each scale with the 10 key elements of FOC as identified by Slade et al. [13]

From: Identifying fear of childbirth in a UK population: qualitative examination of the clarity and acceptability of existing measurement tools in a small UK sample

FOC Element WDEQ-A OWLS SPECS FOBS
1. Fear of not knowing and not being able to plan for the unpredictable Totally as it should be Getting to the hospital in time
Having a long labour
Not knowing how long labour will take
Not knowing when I would go into labour
Labour will be complicated  
2. Fear of harm or stress to the baby Fantasies child will die
Fantasies child will be injured
  I am worried about the health of my baby  
3. Fear of inability to cope with pain Pain Getting effective pain relief
Pain and discomfort of labour
  
4. Fear of harm to self in labour and post-natally Safe
Dangerous
   
5. Fear of being ‘done to’   Needing a caesarean
Having ventouse or forceps delivery
Having to be induced
Labour will be complicated
I worry I will need emergency surgery
 
6. Fear of not having a voice in decision making     
7. Fear of being abandoned/alone Lonely
Deserted
Abandoned
Trust
   
8. Body’s ability to give birth I will allow my body to take control
Natural
  My body will fail me during labour
I will not be able to birth naturally
 
9. Losing control Composed
Panic
I will behave badly
I will totally lose control of myself
Embarrassment   
10. Generic fear of unknown    Labour is unknown Fear-no fear