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Table 3 The effect of the three delays by group and deaths. Fortaleza CE, 2017

From: Delays in obstetric care increase the risk of neonatal near-miss morbidity events and death: a case-control study

Delay type Control (%) NNM (%) Death (%) P
1. DELAY IN DECIDING TO SEEK APPROPRIATE MEDICAL HELP (FAMILY/PATIENT)
Delay seeking care        0.153*
  Yes 50 (17.6) 12 (11.1) 8 (23.5)  
  No 234 (82.4) 96 (88.9) 26 (76.5)  
Unaware of pregnancy        0.583**
  Yes 10 (3.5) 5 (4.6) 0 (0)  
  No 274 (96.5) 103 (95.4) 34 (100)  
Refusal of care        0.317*
  Yes 33 (11.6) 15 (13.9) 7 (20.6)  
 No 251 (88.4) 93 (86.1) 27 (79.4)  
2. DELAY IN REACHING APPROPRIATE HEALTH SERVICE
Absent/inadequate prenatal care        0.001*
  Yes 90 (31.7) 45 (41.7) 21 (61.8)  
  No 194 (68.3) 63 (58.3) 13 (38.2)  
Lacking specialized care        < 0.001*
  Yes 43 (15.1) 39 (36.1) 11 (32.4)  
  No 241 (84.9) 69 (63.9) 23 (67.6)  
Lacking beds        0.086*
  Yes 27 (9.5) 4 (3.7) 1 (2.9)  
  No 257 (90.5) 104 (96.3) 33 (97.1)  
3. DELAY IN RECEIVING CARE AT THE HEALTH UNIT
Delay in diagnosis        0.502**
  Yes 2 (0.7) 2 (1.9) 0 (0)  
  No 282 (99.3) 106 (98.1) 34 (100)  
Delay in case transfer/referral        0.198*
  Yes 8 (2.8) 4 (3.7) 3 (8.8)  
  No 276 (97.2) 104 (96.3) 31 (91.2)  
Improper conduct with patient        0.007*
  Yes 1 (0.4) 5 (4.6) 1 (2.9)  
  No 283 (99.6) 103 (95.4) 33 (97.1)  
Delay in initiating treatment        0.256*
  Yes 5 (1.8) 2 (1.9) 2 (5.9)  
  No 279 (98.2) 106 (98.1) 32 (94.1)  
  1. *Pearson’s chi-square test; **Fisher’s exact test