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Table 3 Pregnancy and obstetric characteristics

From: Prevalence, related factors and maternal outcomes of primary postpartum haemorrhage in governmental hospitals in Kabul-Afghanistan

Pregnancy and obstetric variables Frequency
N (%)
Place of Previous Delivery
 home 89 (41.40)
 hospital 126 (58.60)
Place of Current Delivery
 home 1 (0.5)
 hospital 214 (99.5)
Number of Parity
 Nulliparous 39 (18.1)
 2–3 102 (47.4)
 4–5 41 (19.1)
  > 5 33 (15.3)
Gestation
 Singleton 208 (96.7)
 Multiple 7 (3.3)
Abortion
 Yes 38 (17.7)
 No 177 (82.3)
Number of Abortion
 1 29 (13.5)
 2 7 (3.3)
 3 2 (0.9)
Stillbirth
 Yes 40 (18.6)
 No 175 (81.4)
Number of Stillbirths
 1 33 (15.3)
 2 7 (3.3)
Previous Type of Delivery
 Vaginal 128 (73.6)
 Cesarean section 6 (3.4)
 Instrumental 6 (3.4)
 Spontaneous 34 (19.5)
Previous large baby (babies weighing more than 4000 g)
 Yes 8 (3.7)
 No 207 (96.3)
Previous PPH
 Yes 75 (34.9)
 No 140 (65.1)
Having prenatal care in the current pregnancy
 Yes 160 (74.4)
 No 55 (25.6)
Having regular prenatal care
 Yes 114 (53)
 No 101 (47)
Type of current delivery
 Vaginal 124 (57.7)
 Cesarean section 63 (29.3)
 Instrumental 19 (8.8)
 Spontaneous 9 (4.2)
Anatomical location of the bleeding
 Uterus 161 (74.9)
 Vagina 33 (15.3)
 Perinea 9 (4.2)
 Cervix 12 (5.6)
Estimated amount of bleeding (cc)
 500_999 117 (54.4)
  ≥ 1000 98 (45.6)
How the primary PPH was diagnosed
 sign and symptoms 118 (54.9)
 patient’s complaint 97 (45.1)
Primarily who diagnosed the primary PPH
 Nurse 1 (0.5)
 Midwife 157 (73)
 Obstetrician 52 (24.2)
 Othersa 5 (2.3)
Final confirmation person
 Midwife 54 (25.1)
 Obstetrician 146 (67.9)
 Othersa 15 (7)
  1. aOthers are residents and MD doctors