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Table 4 Factors relevant to bonding failure at T2 (N = 130)

From: A longitudinal study of bonding failure related to aspects of posttraumatic stress symptoms after childbirth among Japanese mothers

PBQ (T2)
  Total score Impaired bonding Rejection
and anger
Anxiety
about care
Risk of abuse
Marital status 0.049 0.028 0.033 0.108 -0.023
Economic status -0.094 -0.070 -0.052 -0.154* -0.058
Years of education -0.004 -0.012 0.031 0.113 -0.173
Employment 0.020 0.023 -0.061 -0.022 0.104
Experience of birth -0.131* -0.110 -0.052 -0.259*** 0.025
Nutrition -0.132 -0.077 -0.065 -0.073 -0.155
F.APGAR -0.116 -0.105 -0.252 -0.182* 0.044
RQ Secure -0.152* -0.132 -0.190 -0.163 -0.075
RQ Dismissive 0.121 0.145 -0.098 -0.028 0.045
RQ Preoccupied 0.100 0.068 0.065 0.053 -0.055
RQ Fearful -0.064 -0.079 -0.098 0.041 -0.122
EPDS (T2) 0.426*** 0.450*** 0.086 0.312** 0.154
IES-R (T2) 0.184* 0.133 0.093 0.110 0.215
R^2 0.492 0.426 0.052 0.371 0.040
F 10.617*** 8.367*** 1.548 6.841*** 1.414
  1. Multiple regression analysis
  2. ***p < 0.001 **p < 0.01 *p < 0.0
  3. T2 4 months after delivery, β standardized partial regression coefficient, R^ 2 squared multiple correlation coefficient adjusted for the degrees of freedom, PBQ Postpartum Bonding Questionnaire, F.APGAR Family Adaptation, Partnership, Growth, Affection, and Resolve, RQ Relationship Questionnaire, EPDS Edinburgh Postpartum Depression Scale, IES-R Impact of Event Scale Revised