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Table 2 Maternal characteristics

From: Pre-existing mental health disorders affect pregnancy and neonatal outcomes: a retrospective cohort study

  Characteristics Study group
n = 131
Healthy controls
n = 228
p
Sociodemographic characteristics Age, mean (SD), years 30 (6.4) 30 (5.9) ns
Previous deliveries, mean (SD), n 1 (1.3) 1 (1.1) ns
Previous pregnancies, mean (SD), n 2 (2.6) 2 (1.5) ns
Primary education 41 (31.2) 18 (8) < 0.001
Higher education 32 (24.8) 132 (58) < 0.001
Employed 40 (31) 167 (73.6) < 0.001
Married 60 (45.7) 170 (74.4) < 0.001
Single 71 (54.2) 58 (25.4) < 0.001
Concomitant somatic diseases 92 (69.9) 83 (36.6) < 0.001
Smoking 45 (34.1) 19 (8.4) < 0.001
Pregnancy characteristics Unknown LMP 16 (12.2) 6 (2.6) < 0.05
Did not seek ANC 25 (19) 3 (1.3) < 0.05
ANC visits, mean (SD), n 6 (4.1) 8 (3.1) < 0.05
Weight gain < 10 kg 68 (51.9) 36 (15.9) < 0.05
UTIs 5 (3.8) 1 (0.4) ns
Pyelonephritis 4 (3.1) 1 (0.4) ns
Hypertension 4 (3.1) 12 (5.3) ns
Hypertension with eclampsia 5 (3.8) 6 (2.6) ns
GDM 7 (5.3) 10 (4.4) ns
Hospital admission 73 (55.7) 69 (30.3) < 0.001
Vaginal delivery 104 (79.4) 175 (76.8) ns
Elective caesarean section 11 (8.4) 26 (11.4) ns
Emergency caesarean section 16 (12.2) 27 (11.8) ns
Epidural analgesia 28 (21.4) 63 (27.6) ns
  1. Values are number (percentage) unless otherwise stated. LMP last menstrual period; ANC antenatal care; UTIs urinary tract infections; GDM gestational diabetes mellitus