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Table 3 Epidural analgesia provision by maternal birthplace, mode of delivery and parity

From: The provision of epidural analgesia during labor according to maternal birthplace: a Norwegian register study

 Spontaneous Vaginal Delivery
Epidural analgesia
Instrumental Vaginal Delivery*
Epidural analgesia
Emergency Cesarean Delivery
Epidural analgesia
 n%95% CIn%95% CIn%95% CI
Primiparous94,09337.837.6–38.038,58061.761.3–62.027,12653.853.4–54.2
 Norway75,38937.637.4–37.829,55661.160.7–61.520,19953.452.9–53.9
 High-income497340.039.1–40.9239264.863.2–66.3172958.556.7–60.2
 Europe / Central Asia577741.240.4–42.0245865.263.7–66.8154657.755.8–59.6
 Sub-Saharan Africa141833.832.4–35.373457.554.8–60.393747.745.5–50.0
 North Africa / Middle East254139.438.2–40.6123066.564.3–68.774151.248.6–53.8
 South Asia99838.136.2–40.055565.662.3–68.832647.944.1–51.8
 East Asia /Pacific208531.029.9–32.2129856.654.5–58.6123255.653.5–57.7
 Latin America/ Caribbean91253.851.4–56.235778.374.2–82.041666.562.6–70.1
Multiparous72,61217.016.9–17.1959849.949.2–50.610,55030.530.0–31.0
 Norway59,72317.517.4–17.6725650.649.8–51.4769930.429.8–30.9
 High-income371618.918.3–19.459956.153.0–59.156134.832.5–37.2
 Europe / Central Asia310416.916.4–17.551852.749.6–55.949535.032.5–37.6
 Sub-Saharan Africa12249.38.8–9.827936.733.2–40.256927.025.1–28.9
 North Africa / Middle East202013.713.1–14.235645.842.2–49.337926.324.1–28.7
 South Asia94214.813.9–15.617648.142.9–53.319127.824.5–31.4
 East Asia /Pacific128211.210.6–11.832839.936.5–43.353033.030.7–35.4
 Latin America /Caribbean60126.925.1–28.88664.755.9–72.712637.632.4–43.0
  1. CI confidence interval *includes deliveries by vacuum and/or forceps extraction