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Table 2 Baseline sociodemographic and reproductive health characteristics by participant group for study population (n = 326)

From: Promoting positive maternal, newborn, and child health behaviors through a group-based health education and microfinance program: a prospective matched cohort study in western Kenya

VariableStudy Population (n = 326)Chamas (n = 211)Control (n = 115)
M ± SD or % (n)M ± SD or % (n)M ± SD or % (n)
Age25.2 ± 4.825.2 ± 5.025.1 ± 4.5
Education level
 None-some primary14.7 (48)11.8 (25)20.0 (23)
 Completed Primary73.6 (240)73.9 (156)73.0 (84)
 Some secondary6.1 (20)8.1 (17)2.6 (3)
 Completed secondary5.6 (18)6.2 (13)4.4 (5)
Employment*
 Housewife (unemployed)46.0 (150)40.3 (85)56.5 (65)
 Self-employed30.3 (99)36.0 (76)20.0 (23)
 Agricultural worker16.3 (53)18.0 (38)13.0 (15)
 Other7.4 (24)5.7 (12)10.5 (12)
Marital Status
 Married86.8 (283)85.3 (180)89.6 (103)
 Single/Separated/Divorced13.2 (43)14.7 (31)10.4 (12)
Parity*
 Mean (SD)2.8 ± 1.82.5 ± 1.83.0 ± 1.7
 Parous92.0 (300)87.7 (185)100.0 (115)
 Nulliparous8.0 (26)12.3 (26)0.0 (0)
Prior facility delivery*,a,b
 Yes58.7 (176)65.3 (121)47.8 (55)
 No27.7 (83)25.0 (46)32.2 (37)
Gestational age at first ANC visit (weeks)22.1 ± 8.522.4 ± 8.921.8 ± 8.0
First ANC visit locationb
 Port Victoria27.6 (90)25.6 (54)31.3 (36)
 Budalangi8.3 (27)7.6 (16)9.6 (11)
 Sirimba11.3 (37)12.8 (27)8.7 (10)
 Sisenya12.9 (42)12.8 (27)13.0 (15)
 Mukhobola13.2 (43)11.9 (25)15.7 (18)
 Rukala15.6 (51)16.1 (34)14.8 (17)
 Bulwani4.9 (16)5.2 (11)4.4 (5)
 Osieko3.1 (10)3.3 (7)2.6 (3)
 Other2.1 (7)3.3 (7)0.0 (0)
  1. *Significant p < 0.05
  2. aAmong those with previous delivery (Chamas group = 185; control group = 115)
  3. bMissing data: prior facility delivery n = 18 (Chamas), n = 23 (Control); first ANC location n = 3 (Chamas)