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Table 2 Percent distribution of sociodemographic characteristics of women with a birth in the last 2 years

From: Facility readiness and counseling during antenatal care and the relationship with early breastfeeding in Haiti and Malawi

  Haitia Malawi
Other urban Rural Urban Rural
Region (Haiti)
 Ouest 7.4 20.4   
 Sud-Est 3.8 8.1   
 Nord 22.1 10.6   
 Nord-Est 10.3 3.9   
 Artibonite 26.6 19.7   
 Centre 10.0 10.4   
 Sud 5.5 8.7   
 Grand-Anse 6.3 6.2   
 Nord-Ouest 6.5 7.8   
 Nippes 1.5 4.3   
Region (Malawi)
 Northern    9.6 11.4
 Central    40.6 42.7
 Southern    49.8 45.9
Wealth quintile
 Lowest and second 11.6 68.9 4.8 55.6
 Middle 28.5 21.0 6.0 21.9
 Fourth and highest 60.0 10.2 89.1 22.5
Education
 None or primary 36.5 67.6 46.3 85.1
 Secondary or higher 63.5 32.4 53.7 14.9
Employment
 Not employed 44.8 42.0 44.7 29.5
 Employed 55.2 58.0 55.3 70.5
Religion
 Christian 89.7 85.9 34.0 29.5
 Other 10.3 14.1 66.0 70.5
Exposure to mass media
 Less than once per week 66.6 69.1 43.1 69.9
 At least once per week 33.4 30.9 56.9 30.1
Currently married
 No 17.4 13.0 16.5 16.2
 Yes 82.6 87.0 83.5 83.8
Parity
 Primiparous 35.7 28.2 33.2 25.8
 Multiparous 64.3 71.8 66.8 74.2
Size of baby at birth
 Normal 55.3 50.1 46.5 46.9
 Small or very small 24.2 31.6 11.6 20.0
 Large or very large 20.5 18.3 41.9 33.1
Sex of child
 Male 50.4 50.0 48.5 50.3
 Female 49.6 50.0 51.5 49.7
Number of ANC visits
 One to three 16.2 36.0 44.2 52.9
 Four or more 83.8 64.0 55.8 47.1
Both SBA and facility delivery
 Neither or just one 48.4 73.9 4.5 10.1
 Both 51.6 26.1 95.5 89.9
Mother or baby postnatal check in the first hour
 No 64.7 79.5 61.1 62.3
 Yes 35.3 20.5 38.9 37.7
ANC facilities reporting breastfeeding counseling
 No data 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.2
 Low 40.4 35.7 31.9 54.6
 Medium 33.1 33.0 32.0 19.8
 High 26.5 31.3 36.0 23.3
Access to trained providers
 No data 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.8
 Low 37.3 32.4 34.9 35.1
 Medium 33.3 32.1 34.0 29.8
 High 29.4 35.4 31.1 32.2
Average facility breastfeeding counseling
 No data 12.4 4.6 1.5 14.9
 Low 63.6 67.6 66.9 67.7
 High 24.0 27.8 31.7 17.4
Number of clusters 92 284 171 675
Number of womenb 357 1278 772 5296
  1. ANC antenatal care, SBA skilled birth attendant, PNC postnatal care
  2. aExcludes urban women living in Port-au-Prince or rural women within 5 km of Port-au-Prince
  3. bIncludes women who had at least one ANC visit, who delivered vaginally, and whose baby survived past the day of birth