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Table 3 Pregnancy Outcomes in HIVinfected and Uninfected Women with and without PPROM

From: Preterm prelabour rupture of membranes (PPROM) and pregnancy outcomes in association with HIV-1 infection in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa

 Prelabour Rupture of MembranesNo Prelabour Rupture of Membranes
HIV StatusPositive (n = 23)Negative (n = 24)Positive (n = 90)Negative (n = 96)
Mode of Delivery N (%)
 Spontaneous Vaginal13 (56.5)12 (50)37 (41.6)48 (51.1)
 Cesarean10 (43.5)12 (50)52 (58.4)46 (48.9)
Odds Ratio (95%CI)
p Value
0.9 (0.3–3.2)
1.000
0.7 (0.4–1.2)
0.236
Birth Outcomes N (%)
 Still Births0 (0.0)0 (0)15 (16.9)15 (15.8)
 Live Birth23 (100)24 (100)74 (83.2)80 (84.2)
Odds Ratio (95%CI)
p value
0.9 (0.4–2.1)
1.000
Birth Weight (g)
 Mean (SD)2180 ± 4992246 ± 5832050 ± 6741842 ± 661
p value0.7960.043
Birth Weight by category N (%)
  < 250014 (60.9)13 (54.2)58 (67.4)69 (80.2)
  ≥ 25009 (39.1)11 (45.8)28 (32.6)17 (19.8)
Odds Ratio (95%CI)
p value
1.0 (0.3–3.4)
1.000
0.5 (0.3–1.0)
0.082
Gestational Age at Delivery
 Mean (SD)32.9 ± 2.3)33.5 ± 3.8)33.0 ± 2.932.4 ± 2.9
p value0.1130.089
Gestational Age by category N (%)
  ≤ 34 weeks13 (56.5)8 (33.3)58 (64.4)68 (70.8)
  > 34 weeks10 (43.5)16 (66.7)32 (35.6)28 (29.2)
Odds Ratio (95%CI)
p value
3.2 (0.9–10.7)
0.080
0.8 (0.4–1.4)
0.433
Newborn Apgar Score – 5 mins N (%)
 8–1020 (90.9)21 (91.3)70 (95.9)69 (89.6)
  < 82 (9.1)2 (8.7)3 (4.1)8 (10.4)
Odds Ratio (95%CI)
p value
0.9 (0.1–7.4)1.0002.7 (0.7–10.6)0.211