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Table 3 Significant determinants of breastfeeding initiation of CMI, after adjustment for potential confounders (n = 275, Phase 1)

From: Breastfeeding practices 2008–2009 among Chinese mothers living in Ireland: a mixed methods study

 Socio-demographic & Social support and influence ModelaSocio-demographic & Behavioural ModelbSocio-demographic & Attitudinal
Modelc
Full Modeld
Adjusted OR
(95% CI)
P valueAdjusted OR
(95% CI)
P valueAdjusted OR
(95% CI)
P valueAdjusted OR
(95% CI)
P value
Past breastfeeding experience: had given birth but not breastfed to any child (ren) vs. had given birth and breastfed  0.15 (0.05–0.45)0.001    
Maternal occupation: Self-employed/Professional work v.s. housewife3.68 (1.26–10.76)0.0172.89 (1.08–7.69)0.034    
Feeding information obtained from the antenatal classes2.48 (1.09–5.63)0.030    3.14 (1.05–9.41)0.041
Health professionals’ attitude influenced mother’s feeding choice4.54 (1.67–12.31)0.003      
Feeding decision was made:
 Before pregnancy vs. After the child was born    20.92 (6.85–63.93)< 0.00119.06 (5.87–61.91)< 0.001
 During pregnancy vs. After the child was born    7.75 (2.69–22.33)< 0.0016.12 (2.05–18.25)0.001
 Attitude towards colostrum: important for the baby    4.33 (1.65–11.31)0.0033.25 (1.14–9.27)0.028
 Disagree with ‘I don‘t like breastfeeding’    7.10 (2.76–18.24)< 0.0017.41 (2.56–21.45)< 0.001
  1. ‘Full Model’ included all variables (socio-demographic, behavioural, social support and influence, and attitudinal) which have an association with breastfeeding initiation (P < 0.15) among CMI, according to the univariate logistic regression analyses
  2. a -2LL = 246.458, df = 17. Non-significant variables that were included but not depicted in this model: maternal length of Irish residency at time of interview, child’s age, maternal birthplace, couple’s education level, parity, accommodation, husband’s occupation, child’s gender, mother herself had been breastfed, infant feeding information obtained from the internet, mother’s own mother, and feeding choice was influenced by mother’s own mother’s attitude
  3. b -2LL = 253.501, df = 14. Non-significant variables that were included but not depicted in this model: maternal length of Irish residency at time of interview, child’s age, maternal birthplace, mother’s education level, mother herself had been breastfed, husband’s education, husband’s occupation, parity, accommodation, child’s gender, and the practice of bed sharing
  4. c -2LL = 185.551, df = 20. Non-significant variables that were included but not depicted in this model: maternal length of Irish residency at time of interview, child’s age, maternal birthplace, couple’s education level, couple’s occupation, mother had been breastfed as a child, parity, accommodation, child’s gender, agreement/disagreement with ‘formula feeding is more convenient than breastfeeding’, ‘I would feel embarrassed if someone saw me breastfeeding’, ‘Some traditional Chinese food can help to improve milk production’, and maternal awareness of the advantages of breastfeeding
  5. d -2LL = 168.592, df = 27. Non-significant variables that were included but not depicted in this model: maternal length of Irish residency at time of interview, child’s age, maternal birthplace, couple’s education level, couple’s occupation, mother had been breastfed as a child, parity, accommodation, child’s gender, the practice of bed sharing, mother’s past breastfeeding experience, infant feeding information obtained from internet and mother’s own mother, feeding choice was influenced by mother’s own mother’s attitude and health professionals’ attitude, agreement/disagreement with ‘formula feeding is more convenient than breastfeeding’, ‘I would feel embarrassed if someone saw me breastfeeding’, ‘Some traditional Chinese food can help to improve milk production’, and maternal awareness of the advantages of breastfeeding