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Table 2 Socio-demographic and economic characteristics of study participants in selected hospitals of Gamo and Gofa Zones, Southern Ethiopia, 2018/9

From: Factors associated with neonatal near-miss in selected hospitals of Gamo and Gofa zones, southern Ethiopia: nested case-control study

CharacteristicsCases(n = 121)Control(n = 363)COR(95%CI)P-value
Age
 15–246 (5.0)114 (31.4)1 
 25–3492 (76.0)188 (51.8)9.29 (3.94,21.93)< 0.0001
  ≥ 3523 (19.0)61 (16.8)7.16 (2.77,18.54)< 0.0001
Marital status
 Married117 (96.7)361 (99.4)0.16 (0.03,0.89)0.04
 Othera4 (3.3)2 (0.6)1 
Ethnicity
 Gamo104 (86.0)301 (82.9)1.56 (0.70,3.45)0.28
 Gofa9 (7.4)26 (7.2)1.56 (0.53,4.58)0.42
 Other8 (6.6)36 (9.9)1 
Educational status of the mother
 No formal education12 (9.9)32 (8.8)1 
 Primary (1–8)21 (17.4)56 (15.4)1.00 (0.44,2.29)1.00
 Secondary (9–12)66 (54.5)207 (57.0)0.85 (0.41,1.75)0.66
 College and above22 (18.2)68 (18.7)0.86 (0.38,1.96)0.72
Occupation of the mother
 Housewife29 (24.0)214 (59.0)1.69 (0.38,7.53)0.49
 Merchant75 (62.0)42 (11.6)22.32 (5.04,98.94)< 0.0001
 Government employer15 (12.4)82 (22.6)2.29 (0.49,10.69)0.29
 Other®2 (1.7)25 (6.9)1 
Educational status of the father
 No formal education16 (13.2)31 (8.5)1 
 Primary (1–8)17 (14.0)69 (19.0)0.48 (0.21,1.07)0.07
 Secondary (9–12)50 (41.3)162 (44.6)0.59 (0.30,1.18)0.14
 College and above38 (31.4)101 (27.8)0.73 (0.36,1.48)0.38
Occupation of the father
 Farmer38 (31.4)118 (32.5)0.63 (0.35,1.16)0.14
 Merchant16 (13.2)66 (18.2)0.48 (2.23,0.98)0.05
 Government employer42 (34.7)130 (35.8)0.63 (0.35,1.15)0.13
 Other©25 (20.7)49 (13.5)1 
Place residence
 Urban79 (65.3)266 (73.3)0.69 (0.44,1.07)0.09
 Rural42 (34.7)97 (26.7)1 
The average income per month
  < 35.4USD38 (31.4)39 (10.7)1 
 35.4–88.5USD67 (55.4)232 (63.9)0.29 (0.18,0.50)< 0.0001
  > 88.5USD16 (13.2)92 (25.3)1.18 (0.09,0.36)< 0.0001
  1. asingle, divorced and separated due to work, Zayise, Amhara, Oromo, Gurage, Woliata, Konso, Derashe, Oyida and Gidicho,®daily laborer and student, and©waiver and daily laborer