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Table 4 Characteristics and outcomes of women with placental abruption as primary cause of MOH [20] (n = 45)

From: Major obstetric haemorrhage in Metro East, Cape Town, South Africa: a population-based cohort study using the maternal near-miss approach

 N (%)
Maternal risk factors
 Primigravida15 (33.3)
 Parity ≥42 (4.4)
 Alcohola7 (2)
 Smokinga11 (25)
 Anaemia2 (4.4)
Risk factors from past obstetrics history
 Hypertensive disease12 (26.7)
 Caesarean section8 (17.8)
 Placental abruption3 (6.7)
 Stillbirth4 (8.9)
 Neonatal death3 (6.7)
Pregnancy-associated risk factors
 Hypertension 
  (Pregnancy induced) hypertension7 (15.6)
  Pre-eclampsia28 (62.2)
 Gestation 
  20–245 (11.1)
  25–3111 (24.4)
  32–3719 (42.2)
  > 377 (15.6)
  Missing3 (6.7)
Outcomes
 Stillbirths42 (95)
 Stillbirths on admission35 (77.8)
 Fresh stillbirths7 (15.6)
 CSb for suspected abruption (baby alive before CS)5 (11.1)
 CS with stillbirth7 (15.6)
 Hysterectomy1 (2.2)
 Uterine rupturec1 (2.2)
 Massive transfusiond5 (11.1)
  1. aduring current pregnancy
  2. bCS Caesarean section
  3. cfailed induction for stillbirth, presented with acute abdominal pain during laparotomy uterine rupture was diagnosed, hysterectomy was needed
  4. d≥ 8 RBC transfusion