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Table 2 Simple multinomial regression analysis for the association of subjects’ characteristics with gestational weight gain (GWG)

From: Gestational weight gain and gestational diabetes among Emirati and Arab women in the United Arab Emirates: results from the MISC cohort

 InsufficientExcessive
OR (95%CI)OR (95%CI)
Mother’s Age (years)
 18–24.9RefRef
 25–29.90.64 (0.26,1.58)0.64 (0.26,1.57)
  ≥ 300.68 (0.31,1.53)0.95 (0.43,2.07)
Nationality
 EmiratiRefRef
 Arab0.95 (0.501,1.79)1.15 (0.62,2.11)
Education
 Intermediate or lessRefRef
 High School/ Technical Diploma1.80 (0.65,5.00)0.96 (0.41,2.26)
 University2.57 (0.86,7.65)1.16 (0.46,3.00)
Employment Status
 EmployeeRefRef
 Housewife0.80 (0.36,1.79)1.22 (0.54,2.75)
Family Monthly Income (AED)
  < 5000RefRef
 5000-10,0000.40 (0.10,1.71)0.79 (0.18,3.54)
  > 10,0000.28 (0.07,1.15)0.64 (0.15,2.74)
Parity  
 PrimiparousRefRef
 Multiparous0.53 (0.24,1.20)0.43 (0.20,0.94)
Physical Activity (METs)
 Low-Intensity ActivityRefRef
 Moderate /High Intensity Activity0.69 (0.36,1.34)0.74 (0.40,1.39)
Daily Breakfast Consumption
 NoRefRef
 Yes0.905 (0.45,1.77)1.05 (0.54,2.03)
Pre-pregnancy BMIa
 BMI < 25RefRef
 BMI ≥ 250.615 (0.33,1.16)2.88 (1.502,5.534)
Gestational Diabetes
 NoRefRef
 Yes1.30 (0.56,3.05)1.69 (0.77,3.73)
  1. aThe reference category is ‘Adequate’