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Table 1 Descriptive Characteristics of the Study Participants

From: Preeclampsia, gestational diabetes and later risk of cardiovascular disease: Women’s experiences and motivation for lifestyle changes explored in focus group interviews

 Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (n = 10)Moderate Preeclampsia (n = 3)Severe Preeclampsia (n = 5)
Maternal characteristics
 Age (years), mean (SD)33 (59)30 (5)35 (4)
 Norwegian or other Nordic ethnicity, n (%)10 (100)3 (100)5 (100)
Educational level, n (%)
 Lower than high school1 (10)0 (0)0 (0)
 High school2 (20)0 (0)1 (20)
 College or university7 (70)3 (100)3 (80)
Marital status, n (%)
 Married4 (40)0 (0)1 (20)
 Cohabiting6 (60)3 (100)3 (60)
 Single0 (0)0 (0)1 (20)
Occupational status, n (%)
 Employed4 (40)1 (33)5 (100)
 Employed, maternity leave4 (40)2 (67)0 (0)
 Unemployed2 (20)0 (0)0 (0)
Place of residence, n (%)
 Urban4 (40)1 (33)1 (20)
 Rural6 (60)2 (67)4 (80)
 Pre-pregnancy BMI (kg/m2), mean (SD)29 (5)24(2)26 (3)
 Smoking, n (%)0 (0)0 (0)0 (0)
Index pregnancy characteristics
 Nulliparous, (%)5 (50)2 (67)4 (80)
 Gestation length (weeks), mean (SD)38 (3)38 (2)34 (3)
Breastfeeding history, n (%)
 Full5 (50)3 (100)3 (60)
 Partial4 (40)0 (0)1 (20)
 No1 (10)0 (0)1 (20)
Delivery mode, n (%)
 Vaginal6 (60)2 (67)0 (0)
 Elective C-section2 (20)1 (33)0 (0)
 Acute C-section2 (20)0 (0)5 (100)
  1. BMI Body mass index, SD standard deviation