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Table 3 Associations of sleep quality with stress and depression status among Born in Shenyang Cohort Study (BISCS) participants classified by age

From: Association of sleep quality during pregnancy with stress and depression: a prospective birth cohort study in China

PSQI a ≥ 5 (Ref: PSQI < 5)Stress [OR (95% CI)]Depression-T1 b [OR (95% CI)]aDepression-T2 c [OR (95% CI)]b
<30 years old (n = 557)≥30 years old (n = 595)<30 years old (n = 557)≥30 years old (n = 595)<30 years old (n = 345)≥30 years old (n = 394)
Model 11.77 (1.08,2.90) *4.00 (2.31,6.91) *3.18 (2.06,4.88) *3.48 (2.19,5.52)*1.34 (0.77,2.34)3.69 (2.01,6.76) *
Model 21.75 (1.05,2.90) *4.12 (2.34,7.23) *3.29 (2.12,5.12) *3.52 (2.20,5.63) *1.48 (0.82,2.69)3.93 (2.11,7.35) *
Model 31.75 (1.05,2.91) *4.15 (2.35,7.33) *3.28 (2.11,5.11) *3.53 (2.20,5.67) *1.46 (0.80,2.64)4.12 (2.18,7.78) *
  1. a. PSQI: Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index
  2. b. Depression-T1: antenatal depression
  3. c. Depression-T2: postnatal depression
  4. * Statistically significant at α = 0.05
  5. Model 1: crude model. Model 2: adjusted for age, BMI, gestational age, smoking, educational level, and annual household income. Model 3: Model 2 + social support