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Table 2 Reproductive health outcomes regressed on adverse childhood experiences

From: Adverse childhood experiences and poor birth outcomes in a diverse, low-income sample

  Any pregnancy loss (n = 1848) Any preterm birth (n = 1823) Any low birthweight (n = 1837)
Model 1
OR
(95% CI)
Model 2
OR
(95% CI)
Model 1
OR
(95% CI)
Model 2
OR
(95% CI)
Model 1
OR
(95% CI)
Model 2
OR
(95% CI)
Age 1.07**
(1.05–1.09)
1.07**
(1.05–1.08)
1.08**
(1.05–1.10)
1.08**
(1.05–1.10)
1.06**
(1.03–1.08)
1.06**
(1.03–1.08)
Race/Ethnicity1
 American Indian 0.65
(0.41–1.02)
0.66
(0.42–1.04)
0.63
(0.35–1.12)
0.64
(0.36–1.14)
0.53
(0.28–1.00)
0.55
(0.29–1.03)
 Caucasian 0.93
(0.71–1.22)
0.94
(0.72–1.23)
0.83
(0.60–1.16)
0.85
(0.61–1.19)
0.60*
(0.42–0.85)
0.61*
(0.43–0.87)
 Hispanic 0.70*
(0.51–0.96)
0.69*
(0.51–0.95)
0.51*
(0.34–0.77)
0.51*
(0.34–0.77)
0.49*
(0.32–0.74)
0.48
(0.32–0.74)
 Other race/ethnicity 0.65
(0.37–1.12)
0.63
(0.36–1.09)
0.67
(0.34–1.32)
0.67
(0.34–1.31)
0.75
(0.38–1.47)
0.73
(0.37–1.42)
Any postsecondary education 1.05
(0.83–1.32)
1.05
(0.83–1.32)
0.73*
(0.54–0.99)
0.73*
(0.54–0.98)
0.84
(0.61–1.16)
0.84
(0.61–1.16)
Total ACE score 1.12**
(1.08–1.17)
  1.07**
(1.01–1.12)
  1.08**
(1.03–1.15)
 
1 or 2 ACEs   0.93
(0.66–1.31)
  1.22
(0.79–1.89)
  0.98
(0.62–1.56)
3 or 4 ACEs   1.27
(0.89–1.80)
  1.29
(0.82–2.02)
  1.22
(0.76–1.96)
5 or more ACEs   1.80**
(1.28–2.52)
  1.46
(0.95–2.26)
  1.39
(0.88–2.19)
  1. Abbreviations: OR odds ratio, CI Confidence interval. *p < .05; **p < .01