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Table 3 Multivariate analysis of factors associated with times of ANC use of migrant women during the first delivery in China, 2014

From: Antenatal care use and its determinants among migrant women during the first delivery: a nation-wide cross-sectional study in China

Characteristics Model 1 Model 2 Model 3 Model 4
Ethnic groups (MinorityRef)
 Hans 0.99 0.87 0.72 0.62
(0.47,2.11) (0.41,1.88) (0.33,1.59) (0.28,1.37)
Age at first delivery (≤24yearRef)
  > 24 1.40* 1.39* 1.34* 1.26
(1.06,1.84) (1.05,1.84) (1.01,1.79) (0.94,1.68)
Education (Primary school and belowRef)
 Junior school 2.13* 2.08* 1.78 1.71
(1.16,3.92) (1.12,3.83) (0.95,3.33) (0.91,3.21)
 High school 3.16*** 2.99** 2.52** 2.43*
(1.66,6.01) (1.55,5.76) (1.29,4.92) (1.24,4.76)
 College and above 4.20*** 3.30** 2.67* 2.57*
(2.03,8.69) (1.56,6.99) (1.24,5.75) (1.19,5.55)
Hukou (RuralRef) a
 Urban 0.89 0.78 0.78 0.82
(0.56,1.41) (0.49,1.25) (0.49,1.25) (0.51,1.33)
Household monthly income(Q1Ref) b
 Q2   1.43* 1.44* 1.48*
(1.01,2.04) (1.01,2.06) (1.03,2.12)
 Q3   1.32 1.26 1.30
(0.90,1.93) (0.86,1.86) (0.88,1.92)
 Q4   1.92** 1.87** 2.01**
(1.25,2.95) (1.21,2.89) (1.30,3.13)
Kinds of insurances (0Ref)
 1   1.04 1.05 0.98
(0.67,1.61) (0.68,1.62) (0.63,1.53)
  ≥ 2   0.75
(0.45,1.26)
0.72
(0.43,1.21)
0.73
(0.43,1.23)
Maternity insurance (NoRef) c
 Yes   2.12** 2.18** 2.01**
(1.35,3.33) (1.39,3.44) (1.28,3.18)
Maternal health education (NoRef) d
 Yes    1.10 1.04
(0.83,1.45) (0.78,1.38)
Maternal health records (NoRef) e
 Yes    2.48*** 2.44***
(1.64,3.74) (1.61,3.69)
Migration range (Across ProvinceRef)
 Across prefectural city     1.52**
(1.14,2.02)
 Across county     2.57*
(1.14,5.81)
Migration reasons
 (Working or doing businessRef)     
  Accompanying     1.15
(0.81,1.63)
  Others     1.97
(0.56,6.97)
Migration experience before pregnancy
 (N0Ref)     
 Yes     1.37*
(1.03,1.81)
  1. a Hukou is the household registration system in China. A Hukou record officially identifies a person as a resident of a particular place. Residents of China are mainly categorized into two types, rural Hukou and urban Hukou
  2. b Quartiles of the household monthly income, and Quartile 1(Q1) is the poorest and Quartile 4(Q4) is the richest
  3. c Maternity insurance is a social insurance system that provides medical services, maternity benefits and maternity leave by the state and society when women workers who are pregnant and giving birth temporarily interrupt their labor
  4. d Maternal health education included reproduction education and contraception education
  5. e Maternal health records is a record of maternal and infant health examination throughout their pregnancy, childbirth, puerperium and 42 days postpartum
  6. f *P-value< 0.05, ** P-value < 0.01, *** P-value < 0.001