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Table 3 Association between different variables and preconception care among women who delivered within the last one year in Mekelle city, North Ethiopia, 2018 (N = 561)

From: Mothers’ utilization and associated factors in preconception care in northern Ethiopia: a community based cross sectional study

Variable Preconception Care Utilization Odds Ratio and 95% CI
Utilized (%) Not utilized (%) Crude Adjusted
Age (years)
 15–24 22(25.0%) 66(75.0%) 1 1
 25–34 58(20.9%) 219(79.1%) 0.79(0.45–1.39) 1.23(0.50–3.04)
 35–45 22(11.2%) 174(88.8%) 0.37(0.19–0.73)* 1.34(0.42–4.24)
Mother’s education
 No education 26(17.7%) 121(82.3%) 1 1
 Primary education 11(8.7%) 116(91.3%) 0.44(0.21–0.93)* 0.59(0.20–1.70)
 Secondary education 37(19.4%) 154(80.6%) 1.12(1.01–1.95)* 1.26(0.51–3.13)
 More than secondary education 28(29.2%) 68(70.8%) 1.92(1.04–3.53)* 1.24(0.45–3.43)
Household income (ETB)
 Less than 500 36(27.3%) 96(72.7%) 1 1
 501–1000 25(12.1%) 182(87.9%) 0.37(0.21–0.65)** 0.46(0.19–1.06)
 1001–2000 25(16.6%) 126(83.4%) 0.53(0.29–0.94)* 0.61(0.25–1.52)
 Above 2000 16(22.5%) 55(77.5%) 0.78(0.4–1.53) 0.70(0.25–1.94)
Previous family planning use
 No 25(11.4%) 195(88.6%) 1 1
 Yes 77(22.6%) 264(77.4%) 2.28(1.39–3.71)** 1.55(0.74–3.23)
Previous adverse birth outcome
 No 62(14.0%) 381(86.0%) 1 1
 Yes 40(33.9%) 78(66.1%) 3.15(1.98–5.02)** 5.10(2.31–11.24)**
Joint plan discussion with partner on preconception care
 No 23(5.8%) 371(94.2%) 1 1
 Yes 79(47.3%) 88(52.7%) 14.48(8.62–24.34)** 2.05(0.88–4.78)
Having any chronic health problem
 No 77(14.8%) 445(85.2%) 1 1
 Yes 25(64.1%) 14(35.9%) 10.32(5.14–20.73)** 5.69(2.06–15.72)*
Having any challenge to access health facility
 No 82(35.5%) 149(64.5%) 1 1
 Yes 20(6.1%) 310(93.9%) 0.11(0.07–0.2)** 0.24(0.16–0.48)**
Having husband/partner support
 No 17(4.2%) 385(95.8%) 1 1
 Yes 85(53.5%) 74(46.5%) 26.0(14.61–46.33)** 13.84(6.02–31.79)**
Knowledge index on PCC
 Not knowledgeable 56(11.6%) 428(88.4%) 1 1
 Knowledgeable 46(59.7%) 31(40.3%) 11.34(6.65–19.34)** 2.21(1.03–4.73)**
  1. *P-value < 0.05; **P-Value < 0.001