Skip to main content

Table 3 Average perinatal death rates and direct obstetric complication rates for selected health facility characteristics, by facility type

From: Distribution of maternity waiting homes and their correlation with perinatal mortality and direct obstetric complication rates in Ethiopia

  Perinatal deaths per 100 deliveries Direct complications per 100 deliveries
Health Centers Hospitals Health Centers Hospitals
mean n mean N mean N mean n
Total 1.1 3446 4.5 294 4.8 3446 19.2 294
Maternity waiting home
 No 1.1 1510 4.6 239 5.8 1510 21.1 239
 Yes 1.1 1936 4.1 55 3.9 1936 10.9 55
Region
 Urban (Addis Ababa, Dire Dawa, Harari) 0.6 126 2.4 58 28.7 126 23.4 58
 Agrarian (Amhara, Oromia, SNNP, Tigray) 1.0 3051 5.0 215 3.8 3051 18.1 215
 Pastoralist (Gambella, Benishangul-Gumuz, Afar, Somali) 2.2 269 5.5 21 4.7 269 18.7 21
Managing authority
 Public 1.1 3384 5.3 218 4.7 3384 17.1 218
 Private, for-profit 1.2 22 1.9 57 8.7 22 29.1 57
 Private, not-for-profit 0.9 40 3.2 19 11.0 40 13.9 19
Location
 Urban 1.2 1199 4.5 271 8.1 1199 19.9 271
 Rural 1.0 2247 4.6 23 3.0 2247 11.5 23
EmONC status
 Fully EmONC 1.3 185 5.6 179 7.8 185 18.2 179
 Missing 1 or 2 SFs 1.2 1100 3.3 81 5.5 1100 19.2 81
 Missing ≥3 SFs 1.0 2161 1.7 34 4.1 2161 24.2 34
EmONC readiness
 Fully EmONC ready 1.8 34 4.5 39 12.3 34 24.0 39
 Not ready for 1 or 2 SFs 1.2 1865 4.9 196 6.0 1865 18.6 196
 Not ready for ≥3 SFs 0.9 1547 3.2 59 3.1 1547 17.9 59
Motor vehicle transport
 No 1.0 2434 2.6 42 4.5 2434 12.3 42
 Yes 1.3 1012 4.8 252 5.4 1012 20.3 252
SBAs per 100 deliveries
  < 1 0.5 199 1.6 4 0.9 199 17.6 4
 1 to 2 0.7 878 2.2 15 2.1 878 12.8 15
 2 to 3 0.9 687 2.8 20 3.4 687 15.3 20
 3 to 4 1.1 430 3.9 24 4.8 430 10.5 24
 4 to 5 1.5 274 5.7 33 5.7 274 18.5 33
 5 to 6 1.6 175 6.4 24 6.9 175 19.0 24
 6 to 7 1.7 114 4.5 21 6.7 114 17.7 21
 7 to 8 1.4 81 5.8 12 6.7 81 16.9 12
 9 to 10 1.5 70 5.5 18 9.0 70 14.6 18
  > 10 1.7 429 4.5 118 12.0 429 23.8 118
Annual deliveries
 Lowest quartile (≤  196 per year) 1.6 826 3.4 64 7.2 826 23.3 64
 Lower middle quartile (197–386 per year) 1.1 925 4.2 26 5.3 925 23.6 26
 Upper middle quartile (387–651 per year) 0.9 913 3.3 39 3.7 913 17.3 39
 Highest quartile (≥652 per year) 0.6 782 5.2 165 2.8 782 17.4 165