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Table 1 Characteristics of the sample, by class

From: Perinatal depressive symptoms among low-income South African women at risk of depression: trajectories and predictors

Variable Total (N = 384) Antenatal only (N = 351) Antenatal & postnatal (N = 33)
n % Mean (SD) n % Mean (SD) n % Mean (SD)
Demographic characteristics
 Age    27.2 (5.61)    27.0 (5.54)    28.7 (6.23)
 Gestation    17.2 (5.71)    17.1 (5.74)    18.2 (5.31)
 Did not complete high school 225 58.6   203 57.8   22 66.7  
VDoesn’t live with partner 254 66.2   232 66.1   22 66.7  
Economic measures
 Unemployed/studying 207 53.9   190 54.1   17 51.5  
 Lower wealth (socio-economic status) 195 50.8   176 50.1   19 57.6  
 Severely food insecure 112 29.2   96 27.4   16 48.5  
Social characteristics
 Intimate partner violence (past 3 months) 50 13.0   41 11.7   9 27.3  
 Overall social support    58.3 (12.91)    58.8 (12.56)    52.8 (15.3)
 Social support from family    20.1 (5.70)    20.4 (5.48)    16.9 (6.97)
 Social support from friends    16.0 (6.24)    16.0 (6.19)    15.3 (6.77)
 Social support from special person    22.2 (4.75)    22.4 (4.57)    20.6 (6.18)
Health characteristics
 Functioning (WHODAS)    29.8 (17.64)    28.9 (17.13)    39.3 (20.34)
 Functioning (FAI)    0.8 (0.5)    0.8 (0.5)    1.2 (0.6)
 Heavy drinking 114 29.7   99 28.2   15 45.5  
 HIV positive status 112 30.1   100 29.3   12 38.7  
 Current diagnosis of depression (MINI) 157 40.9   136 38.8   21 63.6  
 Lifetime diagnosis of depression (MINI) 122 31.8   104 29.6   18 54.6  
 High suicide risk (MINI) 68 17.7   57 16.2   11 33.3  
  1. SD = standard deviation