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Table 2 Associations between overall IPV profile and mental health outcomesa

From: Associations between intimate partner violence profiles and mental health among low-income, urban pregnant adolescents

  Depression Anxiety Prenatal distress
OR AOR OR AOR OR AOR
No violence 1.00 (reference) 1.00 (reference) 1.00 (reference) 1.00 (reference) 1.00 (reference) 1.00 (reference)
Unilateral victimization 2.49** (1.38, 4.52) 3.03** (1.60, 5.73) 2.06 (0.98, 4.32) 2.22* (1.03, 4.81) 2.21* (1.19, 4.12) 2.62** (1.33, 5.14)
Unilateral perpetration 1.86** (1.26, 2.75) 2.05*** (1.36, 3.09) 2.07** (1.26, 3.41) 2.14** (1.28, 3.58) 1.32 (0.89, 1.94) 1.37 (0.91, 2.05)
Bilateral violence 3.22*** (2.29, 4.53) 3.52*** (2.43, 5.09) 4.87*** (3.30, 7.19) 4.98*** (3.29, 7.55) 2.98*** (2.08, 4.29) 2.84*** (1.94, 4.16)
  1. aAdjusted odds ratios (AOR) control for age, education, employment status, relationship status, intervention arm, nativity, parity and race/ethnicity
  2. *p < 0.05 **p < 0.005 ***p < 0.0001