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Table 6 Multivariate analysis of selected explanatory factors and neonatal mortality in Assosa zone, Western Ethiopia, 2013

From: Predictors of neonatal mortality in Assosa zone, Western Ethiopia: a matched case control study

Variables AmOR(95%CI) P- value
Age of the mother
 < 20 0.14 (0.01–2.22) 0.161
 20–34 1  
 > =35 1.87(0.72–4.85) 0.193
Educational status
 Illiterate 2.59(0.87–7.65) 0.553
 Literate 1  
Family size
< 5 1  
> =5 1.53(0.64–3.65) 0.335
Monthly income
 < 608 birr 0.45(0.18–1.09) 0.078
 > =608 birr 1  
Model HHs in HEP
 Yes 0.32(0.12–0.86) 0.024*
 No 1  
Water type
 Safe 1  
 Unsafe 1.00(0.37–2.67) 0.997
Toilet Facility
 Yes 0.75(0.32–1.75) 0.518
 No 1  
Age at 1st pregnancy
 < 20 4.30(1.13–16.27) 0.031*
 > =20 1  
Pregnancy complication
 Yes 4.59(1.53–13.78) 0.006*
 No 1  
Delivery complication
 Yes 2.80(1.06–7.39) 0.037*
 No 1  
Parity
 I 3.37(1.05–10.78) 0.041*
 II-IV 1  
 V+ 1.67(0.34–8.38) 0.527
Birth interval with previous birth
 < 24 months 4.02 (0.59–27.42) 0.154
 > =24 month 1  
Previous history of still birth
 Yes 3.4 (0.50–23.86) 0.203
 No 1  
Previous history of NM
 Yes 6.9 (0.34–13.96) 0.206
 No 1  
ANC visit
 Yes 0.34 (0.12–0.94) 0.038*
 No 1  
TT dose received
 < 2 1  
 2–5 0.25(0.01–13.43) 0.498
Size of neonates at birth
 Average 1  
 Small 3.40(1.05–11.55) 0.049*
Type of breast feeding practice
 Exclusive 1  
 Partial 2.06(0.14–13.23) 0.597
Vaccination at birth
 Yes 0.56(0.16–2.09) 0.382
 No 1  
Gestational age
 < 37-Week 4.35(1.16–16–28) 0.029*
 > =37 Week 1  
Place of delivery
 Home 2.84(1.07–7.55) 0.035*
 HF   
Delivery attendants
 Skilled 1  
 Unskilled 2.00(0.79–5.02) 0.139
PNC visit
 Yes 0.31(0.04–2.68) 0.291
 No 1  
Heavy work exercise during pregnancy
 Yes 2.35(0.93–5.92) 0.074
 No 1  
Pregnancy planning
 Planned 0.67(0.27–1.66) 0.339
 Unplanned 1  
  1. *Independent predictor variables, statistically significant at P -value < 0.05