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Table 1 Univariate association of socio demographic and socioeconomic factors and neonatal mortality in Assosa zone, Western Ethiopia, 2013

From: Predictors of neonatal mortality in Assosa zone, Western Ethiopia: a matched case control study

  Case(n = 114) Control(n = 114)   
Variables number (%) number (%) CmOR(95%CI) P-value
Age of the mother
 < 20 2(1.75) 2(1.75) 1.47(0.19–11.11) 0.707
 20–34 70(61.40) 87(76.32) 1  
 > =35 42(36.84) 25(21.93) 2.17(1.16–4.04) 0.014*
Marital status
 Married 103(90.35) 106(92.98) 1  
 Widowed / Divorced 11(9.65) 8(7.02) 1.42(0.54–3.75) 0.469
Ethnicity
 Berta 84(73.68) 82(71.93) 1.17(0.39–3.39) 0.769
 Amhara 24(21.05) 25(21.93) 1.10(0.32–3.74) 0.871
 Others 6(5.26) 7(6.14) 1  
Religion
 Muslim 91(79.82) 90(78.95) 1.05(0.55–2.01) 0.869
 Christian 23(20.18) 24(21.05) 1  
Educational status
 Illiterate 91(79.82) 70(61.40) 2.5(1.34–4.64) 0.004*
 Literate 23(20.18) 44(38.60) 1  
Occupation
 House wife 48(42.11) 58(50.88) 0.96(0.38–2.43) 0.945
 Gold miner 35(30.70) 24(21.05) 1.62(0.58–4.48) 0.351
 Farmer 21(18.42) 21(18.42) 1.04(0.32–3.33) 0.938
 Others 10(8.77) 11(9.65) 1  
Family size
< 5 51(44.74) 69(60.53) 1  
> =5 63(55.26) 45(39.47) 1.90(1.10–3.26) 0.020*
Monthly income
 < 608 birr 32(28.07) 21(18.42) 1.68(0.90–3.13) 0.097
 > =608 birr 82(71.93) 93(81.58) 1  
No of rooms
 < =2 98(85.96) 101(88.60) 0.76(0.33–1.75) 0.533
 > =3 16(14.04) 13(11.6) 1  
Roof of the house
 Corrugated iron sheet 31(27.19) 26(22.81) 1  
 Thatched 83(72.81) 88(77.19) 0.76(0.39–1.46) 0.412
Separate kitchen
 Yes 51(44.74) 48(42.11) 1.12(0.65–1.89) 0.686
 No 63(55.26) 66(57.89) 1  
Water source
 Safe 92(80.70) 100(87.72) 1  
 Unsafe 22(19.30) 14(12.28) 1.61(0.80–3.22) 0.174
Toilet facility
 Yes 82(71.93) 92(80.7) 0.62(0.34–1.15) 0.135
 No 32(28.07) 22(19.3) 1  
Model HHs in HEP
 Yes 35(30.70) 67(58.77) 0.33(0.18–0.58) < 0.001*
 NO 79(69.30) 47(41.23) 1  
  1. *variables statistical significant at p value < 0.05
  2. CmOR: Crude matched Odds Ratio, HHs: House Holds, HEP – Health Extension package