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Table 2 Multivariable logistic regression analysis Result indicating determinants of puerperal sepsis among postpartum mothers in Public Hospitals in West shoa zone Oromia, Ethiopia April 2018

From: Determinants of puerperal sepsis among post partum women at public hospitals in west SHOA zone Oromia regional STATE, Ethiopia (institution BASEDCASE control study)

variables category Puerperal sepsis COR(95% C.I) AOR(95%CI)
Case = 67(%) Control = 213(%)
Residence Urban 20 (29.9) 152 (71.4) 1 1
Rural 47 (70.1) 61 (28.6) 5.86 (3.2–10.7) 2.5 (1.029–6.054)
Educational level of mother Tertiary(college or university 4 (6.0) 79 (37.1) 1 1
Secondary 25 (37.3) 50 (23.5) 9.88 (3.24–30.06) 6.5(.181–35.53)
Primary 18 (26.9) 35 (16.4) 10.1 (3.2–32.21) 6.7 (1.32–34.0)
None /no education 20 (29.9) 49 (23) 8.06 (2.601–24.98) 6.8 (1.21–37.5)
Monthly income of mother/family > = 4501 5 (7.5) 27 (12.5) 1 1
3501–4500 4 (6.0) 40 (18.8) .54 (.133–2.195) 0.38(.06–2.35)
2501–3500 10 (14.9) 73 (34.3) .740(.232–2.361) 1.03(.23–4.7)
1501–2500 3 (4.5) 41 (19.2) .395(.087–1.91) 0.33(.04–2.6)
501–1500 16 (68.7) 13 (6.1) 6.65 (1.99–22.12) 5.94 (1.5–23.9)
< 500 29 (43.3) 19 (8.9) 8.24 (2.7–25.18) 6.57 (0.34–32.3)
Duration of labour < 12 h 13 (19.4) 71 (33.3) 1 1
12–24 h 18 (26.9) 103 (48.4) .95(.44–2.07) 3.12 (0.8–12.12)
> = 25 h 36 (53.7) 39 (18.3) 5.041 (2.39–11.) 4.75 (1.26–17.7)
Mode of delivery Spontaneous Vaginal delivery 26 (38.8) 144 (67.6) 1 1
Instrumental delivery 17 (25.4) 25 (11.7) 3.77 (1.79–7.9) 1.29(.41–4.01)
Caesarean section 24 (35.8) 44 (20.7) 3.02 (1.58–5.784) 3.85 (1.43–10.4)
Number of ANC follow up 3–4 times 28 (41.8) 156 (73.2) 1 1
1–2 times 39 (58.2) 57 (26.8)   
Duration of rapture of membrane <=24 h 45 (67.2) 179 (84.0) 1 1
> = 25 h 22 (32.8) 34 (16.0) 2.57 (1.37–4.82) 3.73 (1.37–10.2)
Number of vaginal examinations 1–2 times 20 (29.9) 107 (50.2) 1 1
3–4 times 15 (22.4) 41 (19.2) 0.7(.28–1.75) 2.0 (.65–6.3)
> = 5times 24 (35.8) 35 (16.4) 3.67 (1.812–7.43) 4.(1.3–12.03)
Don’t know 8 (11.9) 30 (14.1) 2.57 (1.00–6.56) 2.3(.53–9.7)
Referral status Yes 30 (44.8) 155 (72.8) 1 1
No 37 (55.2) 58 (27.2) 3.3 (1.86–5.82) 2.5 (1.09–5.9)