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Table 1 Patient Demographics

From: Using fetal scalp stimulation with Doppler ultrasonography to enhance intermittent auscultation in low-resource settings: a diagnostic trial from Tanzania

Variable IAa IA+ FSSTb
Mean SD or N Mean SD or N
Age (years) 28 5.5 28 5.9
Gestational Age (weeks) 39.2 1.3 39.2 1.7
Gravidy 2.2 1.4 2.1 1.2
Parity 1.0 1.2 1.0 1.2
Birth Weight (kg) 3.3 0.5 3.3 0.5
Referred from outside facility 11.2% 28 22.8% 66
High-Riskc 13.7% 34 30.0% 66
Spontaneous Labor 34.6% 87 40.5% 108
Augmented 60.6% 152 55.1% 147
Induced 4.8% 12 4.5% 12
  1. aIA, intermittent auscultation
  2. bIA + FSST, IA augmented with fetal scalp stimulation test
  3. cHigh-risk criteria include: previous cesarean delivery, HIV seropositive, hypertensive disorders of pregnancy, gestational diabetes, antepartum hemorrhage, prolonged rupture of membranes, and referral for obstructed labor or non-reassuring fetal status