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Table 2 Percentage of adolescents who were either pregnant or begun child bearing by socio-demographic characteristics in five East African countries using the most recent DHS

From: Pregnancy and early motherhood among adolescents in five East African countries: a multi-level analysis of risk and protective factors

Variables Kenya Malawi Uganda Tanzania Zambia
2014 (N = 5820) 2015 (N = 5263) 2016 (N = 4263) 2015 (N = 2904) 2014 (N = 3675)
Educational status
 No education 33.2b 54.1b 34.6b 52.3b 53.2b
 Primary 23.7 32.2 28.7 33.8 35.8
 Secondary & higher 11.5 18.4 16.7 10.4 23.0
Age, in years
 15 3.2b 4.5b 3.2b 4.4b 4.9b
 16 8.0 12.2 9.4 11.4 11.9
 17 15.0 26.6 22.1 23.0 25.7
 18 25.9 45.6 40.2 38.2 41.7
 19 39.9 59.2 53.9 56.7 58.9
Religion
 Catholic 18.3 25.5 22.9 23.7
 Protestant 17.7 23.5 26.1   29.8
 Muslim 17.5 38.2 26.5   4.0
 Others 49.8 32.0 23.5   46.5
Exposure to media (newspaper, radio, TV)
 None 21.5a 31.5a 26.4a 32.9a 43.1a
 One of the three 22.1 27.3 26.8 25.8 29.0
 Two of the three 13.2 19.1 18.6 20.4 18.9
 All three 6.5 11.1 13.1 10.7 10.7
Residence
 Urban 17.0a 21.3b 18.8b 18.5b 20.0b
 Rural 18.4 30.7 26.7 31.6 36.4
Wealth index
 Poorest 26.0b 43.6b 33.5b 42.4b 44.5b
 Poorer 18.3 34.8 31.9 38.5 38.6
 Middle 19.1 30.5 24.6 28.2 34.5
 Richer 16.4 24.7 21.5 23.4 28.2
 Richest 10.2 15.3 24.8 12.7 10.3
Sex of the household head
 Male 19.5a 30.0 28.0b 27.6 29.0
 Female 16.0 27.1 19.0 23.8 27.4
Family living arrangement
 Living with husband/partner 73.1b 84.6b 75.5b 80.5b 90.1b
 Living with parents 8.7 11.6 12.0 14.7 20.1
 Living with relatives or others 18.4 17.8 20.8 23.7 21.8
Total 18.1 29.0 24.8 26.7 28.5
  1. adifferences statistically significant at 5%, b differences statistically significant at 1%