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Table 1 Maternal characteristics by use of epidural analgesia

From: Epidural analgesia and its implications in the maternal health in a low parity comunity

Maternal characteristic Epidural analgesia Yes n (%) 15,821 (68.24) Epidural analgesia No
n (%) 7362 (31.76)
p value
Age 31.72 ± 4.99 32.18 ± 5.15 < 0.001
Gestational age at birth 39.42 ± 1.10 39.21 ± 1.11 < 0.001
Parity 1 9825 (62.1) 2417 (32.8) < 0.001
Parity 2 5025 (31.7) 3664 (49.7) < 0.001
Parity 3 and more 979 (6.1) 1281 (17.4) < 0.001
Induction 224 (1.4) 166 (2.2) < 0.001
Spontaneous 15,597 (98.5) 7196 (97.7) < 0.001
New-born Weight 3280 ± 420 3004 ± 670 < 0.001
Severe perineal tears 63 (0.40) 28 (0.38) 0.310
Abnormal foetal head position at delivery 522 (3.30) 150 (2.04) < 0.001
Instrumental delivery 3582 (22.64) 370 (5.03) < 0.001
Episiotomy 9799 (52.9) 3356 (45.5) < 0.001
Caesarean delivery 2544 (16.08) 1017 (13.81) < 0.001
New-born male 8337 (52.69) 3755 (51.00) 0.01
  1. The data are expressed as median ± SD (Standard Deviation), absolute rate and percentage. Statistical significance was defined as p-value < 0.05