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Table 2 Child outcomes over time (assessments at 3, 6, 9, 12, and 24 months) for children grouped by adolescent mothers and adult mothers

From: A longitudinal cohort study of rural adolescent vs adult South African mothers and their children from birth to 24 months

  Follow-up Months
Birth 3 months 6 months 9 months 12 months 24 months
Secured Child Grant (CSG) Adolescent 7% * 36% * 59% * 68% * 86%
Adult 44% * 72% * 76% * 81% * 91%
Breastfed Adolescent 13% * 12% *
Exclusively Adult 23% * 22% *
Immunizations Current Adolescent 42% 69% 83% 76% 71%
Adult 50% 75% 84% 73% 74%
Mean HAZ (SD) Adolescent −0.3 (1.2) * −0.1 (1.2) * − 0.2 (1.4) * − 0.2 (1.2) * − 0.5 (1.2) * − 0.4 (1.1) *
Adult − 0.1 (1.1) * 0.3 (1.2) * 0.2 (1.3) * 0.1 (1.4) * −0.1 (1.4) * − 0.2 (1.3) *
Mean WAZ (SD) Adolescent −0.8 (0.9) * −0.6 (1.1) * − 0.1 (1.1) * 0.1 (1.1) * − 0.1 (1.2) * 0.0 (1.1) *
Adult −0.5 (1.0) * −0.0 (1.1) * 0.1 (1.2) * 0.2 (1.2) * 0.2 (1.3) * 0.2 (1.1) *
Mean HWAZ (SD) Adolescent −0.7 (1.3) −0.4 (1.3) − 0.1 (1.2) 0.2 (1.2) 0.2 (1.2) 0.2 (1.3)
Adult −0.6 (1.3) −0.3 (1.2) 0.1 (1.2) 0.3 (1.2) 0.4 (1.2) 0.4 (1.2)
HAZ < 2 SD Adolescent 10% 3% 7% 8% 6% 8%
Stunting Adult 6% 3% 5% 7% 8% 7%
WAZ < 2 SD Adolescent 12% 9% 5% 3% 3% 3%
Malnourished Adult 8% 3% 4% 3% 4% 3%
WHZ < 2 SD Adolescent 20% 15% 6% 3% 5% 5%
Adult 17% 8% 4% 2% 3% 3%
WHO Milestones Completed Adolescent 80% 94% 76% 97%
Adult 91% 94% 77% 99%
  1. Note * p < .05