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Table 3 Distribution of the different congenital anomalies according to the body system

From: Pattern of congenital anomalies at birth and their correlations with maternal characteristics in the maternity teaching hospital, Erbil city, Iraq

Central nervous system anomalies No. %
Hydrocephalus 16 12.3
Meningocele 16 12.3
Anencephaly 15 11.5
Spina bifida 3 2.3
Othersa 4 3.1
Musculoskeletal anomalies
 Clubfoot 10 7.7
 Omphalocele 5 3.8
 Gastroschisis 4 3.1
 Abnormal hand 3 2.3
 Syndactyly 2 1.5
 Polydactyly 2 1.5
 Abnormal leg and pelvis 2 1.5
 Othersb 11 8.5
Gastrointestinal anomalies
 Cleft lip 24 18.5
 Cleft lip 21 16.2
 Pierre Robin syndrome 6 4.6
 Esophageal atresia 5 3.8
 Imperforate anus 3 2.3
 Tongue tie 2 1.5
  1. aOthers included myelomeningocele, spinal dysmorphism, encephalocele, and microcephaly
  2. bOthers included oligodactyly, abnormality of the right hand, Amelia, amputated hand, amputated lower limb, fused toes and fingers, phocomelia, short leg, pigeon chest, scoliosis, and abnormal lower limb