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Table 4 Frequency of intake of dried fruit and nuts and risk of SGA

From: Maternal dietary consumption of legumes, vegetables and fruit during pregnancy, does it protect against small for gestational age?

Frequency of intake (quintiles, Q) Casesn (%) Controls n (%) OR (95% CI) aORa (95% CI)
Dried fruit (g/day)
 Q1 (<  0.1) 126 (24.3) 104 (20.1) 1 (ref.) 1 (ref.)
 Q2 (0.1–0.3) 113 (21.8) 104 (20.1) 0.89 (0.61–1.29) 0.88 (0.58–1.34)
 Q3 (0.31–1.1) 105 (20.7) 103 (19.9) 0.83 (0.57–1.22) 0.89 (0.58–1.38)
 Q4 (1.11–3.8) 91 (17.6) 104 (20.1) 0.70 (0.47–1.03) 0.70 (0.45–1.10)
 Q5 (>  3.8) 83 (16.0) 103 (19.9) 0.63 (0.42–0.95) 0.67 (0.42–1.05)
P for trend 0.099 0.193
Walnuts (g/day)
 Q1 (<  0.3) 114 (22.0) 104 (20.1) 1 (ref.) 1 (ref.)
 Q2 (0.3–1.4) 99 (19.1) 104 (20.1) 0.86 (0.58–1.27) 0.75 (0.49–1.14)
 Q3 (1.41–2.6) 90 (17.4) 103 (19.9) 0.79 (0.54–1.17) 0.78 (0.51–1.21)
 Q4 (2.61–5.0) 114 (22.0) 104 (20.1) 1.01 (0.69–1.46) 1.02 (0.68–1.53)
 Q5 (>  5.0) 101 (19.5) 103 (19.9) 0.89 (0.60–1.31) 0.83 (0.55–1.27)
P for trend 0.873 0.517
Other nutsb (g/day)
 Q1 (<  0.8) 104 (20.8) 104 (20.1) 1 (ref.) 1 (ref.)
 Q2 (0.8–2.0) 83 (16.0) 104 (20.1) 0.79 (0.52–1.17) 0.80 (0.51–1.24)
 Q3 (2.01–3.4) 114 (22.0) 103 (19.9) 1.09 (0.74–1.60) 1.07 (0.70–1.64)
 Q4 (3.41–5.5) 96 (18.5) 104 (20.1) 0.91 (0.62–1.35) 0.91 (0.59–1.40)
 Q5 (>  5.5) 121 (23.4) 103 (19.9) 1.16 (0.80–1.66) 1.21 (0.81–1.81)
P for trend 0.188 0.234
  1. aAdjusted for preeclampsia, education, smoking, body mass index, gain weight per week during pregnancy, fish intake and previous preterm/low birthweight newborn
  2. bAlmond, peanut, pistachio, etc.