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Table 3 Frequency of intake of different fruits and risk of SGA

From: Maternal dietary consumption of legumes, vegetables and fruit during pregnancy, does it protect against small for gestational age?

Frequency of intake Casesn (%) Controls n (%) OR (95% CI) aORa (95% CI)
Orange
 Never 50 (9.7) 36 (7.0) 1 (ref.) 1 (ref.)
 vs. ≥ Once per day 85 (16.4) 91 (17.6) 0.67 (0.40–1.13) 0.68 (0.38–1.21)
Banana
 Never 78 (15.1) 70 (13.5) 1 (ref.) 1 (ref.)
 vs. ≥ 5 times per week 33 (1.4) 47 (9.1) 0.64 (0.37–1.11) 0.60 (0.32–1.11)
Apple
 Never 60 (11.6) 51 (9.9) 1 (ref.) 1 (ref.)
 vs. ≥ 5 times per week 46 (7.7) 46 (8.9) 0.74 (0.42–1.30) 0.75 (0.41–1.39)
Strawberry
 Never 108 (20.9) 100 (19.3) 1 (ref.) 1 (ref.)
 vs. ≥ 2 times per week 56 (10.8) 53 (10.2) 0.97 (0.61–1.53) 0.88 (0.54–1.45)
Cherry
 Never 140 (27.0) 123 (23.8) 1 (ref.) 1 (ref.)
 vs. ≥ 2 times per week 39 (7.5) 49 (9.5) 0.69 (0.42–1.12) 0.63 (0.37–1.08)
Peach
 Never 111 (21.4) 94 (18.2) 1 (ref.) 1 (ref.)
 vs. ≥ 2 times per week 66 (12.7) 78 (15.1) 0.72 (0.46–1.13) 0.79 (0.49–1.29)
Watermelon
 Never 82 (15.8) 69 (13.3) 1 (ref.) 1 (ref.)
 vs. ≥ 5 times per week 31 (6.0) 34 (6.6) 0.74 (0.41–1.32) 0.64 (0.33–1.22)
Melon
 Never 108 (20.9) 80 (15.4) 1 (ref.) 1 (ref.)
 vs. ≥ 2 times per week 59 (11.4) 82 (15.8) 0.53 (0.34–0.84) 0.48 (0.29–0.78)
Kiwi fruit
 Never 190 (36.7) 186 (35.9) 1 (ref.) 1 (ref.)
 vs. ≥ 2 times per week 80 (15.4) 88 (17.0) 0.90 (0.62–1.29) 1.02 (0.68–1.52)
Grapes
 Never 190 (36.7 189 (36.5) 1 (ref.) 1 (ref.)
 vs. ≥ 2 times per week 34 (6.6) 34 (6.6) 0.99 (0.60–1.66) 0.87 (0.50–1.50)
Fruit, g/day, quintiles
 Q1 (≤ 121 g/d) 129 (24.9) 104 (20.1) 1 (ref.) 1 (ref.)
 Q2 (122–170) 109 (21.0) 104 (20.1) 0.84 (0.58–1.24) 0.87 (0.57–1.35)
 Q3 (171–272) 100 (19.3) 103 (19.9) 0.76 (0.52–1.11) 0.73 (0.48–1.12)
 Q4 (273–420) 98 (18.9) 104 (20.1) 0.74 (0.51–1.09) 0.73 (0.47–1.13)
 Q5 (>  420) 82 (15.8) 103 (19.9) 0.63 (0.42–0.93) 0.63 (0.40–0.98)
 P for trend    0.089 0.136
  1. a Adjusted for preeclampsia, education, smoking, body mass index, gain weight per week during pregnancy, fish intake and previous preterm/low birthweight newborn